Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah, p.733
BALLANTYNE, RICHARD (son of David Ballantyne, born 1748 near Roxburgh, Scotland, and died Dec. 12, 1831, and Ann Bannerman, born 1789 at Dundee, Scotland; married Oct. 28, 1808). Born Aug. 26, 1817, at Earlston, Berwick, Scotland. Came to Utah Sept. 20, 1848, Brigham Young company.
Married Huldah Meriah Clark Feb. 18, 1847 (daughter of Gardner Clark and Delecta Farrer who were married 1813 at Geneseo, N. Y.; the former died 1847 at Winter Quarters, Iowa, and the latter came to Utah 1848). She was born Oct. 26, 1823, and came to Utah with husband. Their children: Richard Alando b. June 1, 1848, m. Mary Ann Stewart Dec. 27, 1875; Delecta Annie Jane b. Nov. 22, 1849, m. Louis F. Moench Feb. 15, 1874; David Henry b. Nov. 16, 1851, d. Aug. 31, 1863; Meriah Cedenia b. June 25, 1856, m. Austin C. Brown Feb. 2, 1874; John Taylor b. Dec. 28, 1857, m. Mahala E. Wilson March 18, 1885; Annie b. July 15, 1860, m. Louis F. Moench; Roseltha b. March 10, 1862, m. Jesse G. Stratford Nov. 23, 1882; Isabella b. Aug. 3, 1864, m. Louis Alvin West Nov. 23, 1882; Joseph b. Feb. 20, 1868, m. Rosannah A. Brown. Family homes Salt Lake City, Nephi, Ogden and Eden, Utah.
Married Mary Pearce Nov. 27, 1855, Salt Lake City, Utah (daughter of Edward Pearce and Elizabeth Bennett), who was born Oct. 1, 1828, at Ratcliffe, London, Eng., and came to Utah Sept. 25, 1855, with her husband's company. Their children: Zachariah b. Oct. 31, 1856, m. Martha Ferrin; Mary Elizabeth b. Sept. 7, 1858, m. Willard Farr; Jane Susannah b. Feb. 10, 1861, m. Edward H. Anderson; James Edward b. Nov. 1, 1863, m. Sarah H. Critchlow; Eliza Jane b. June 8, 1866, m. Henry J. Garner; Heber Charles b. Feb. 28, 1867, m. Ada Belnap. Family resided at Salt Lake City, Nephi and Ogden, Utah.
Married Caroline Albertine Sanderson Nov. 7, 1856, at Salt Lake City (daughter of Kanute Alexanderson and Ingebor Christina Larsen), who was born Sept. 19, 1837, at Roken, Norway. Their children: Thomas Henry b. Dec. 12, 1858, m. Martha Carstensen Sept. 6, 1883; Caroline Josephine b. Jan. 30. 1861, m.Marcus Farr; Matilda b. Dec. 30, 1862, d. Sept. 4, 1882; Catherine Mena b. Dec. 29, 1864, d. Nov. 18, 1866; Jedediah b. Nov. 18, 1867, m. Nettie Wilson; Brigham b. Feb. 18, 1871; Laura Elizabeth b. June 23, 1874. Family resided at Salt Lake City, Nephi, Ogden and Eden.
Missionary to Hindoostan, India, 1852, laboring in Calcutta and Madras, and publishing a paper there. Brought a company of immigrants to Utah Sept. 25, 1855. Pioneer to the Salmon river 1857 and returning moved to Nephi, 1857, and to Ogden 1860; located the town of Eden 1866, and there served as bishop until 1871. High councilor 37 years and superintendent Sunday schools of Weber stake. Organized the first Sunday school in the dominant church December, 1849, and therefore is known as "father of the Sunday schools." County commissioner of Weber county 12 years; alderman of Ogden several terms; school trustee. Publisher and editor of "Ogden Junction" 1877. Merchant and farmer.
LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, Andrew Jenson, Vol. 1, p.703 Ballantyne, Richard, founder of the great Sunday School system of the Latter-day Saints, was born in Whitridgebog, Roxburgshire, Scotland, Aug. 26, 1817, son of David Ballantyne and Ann Bannerman. Both his parents were born in Scotland, his father in Merton or Earlston, in 1743, and his mother, in the Highlands, in 1784. His father was first married to Cecelia Wallace, who died leaving three children, William, Henry and Margaret, all of whom died in Scotland. When sixty years of age he married his second wife who was then nineteen years of age. Her children's names and the dates of their birth are as follows: Ann, born Aug. 7, 1809; died Feb. 10, 1819. Peter, born June 15, 1811; died in Ogden, Sept. 12, 1893. Jane, born April 11, 1813, died in Salt Lake City Dec. 26, 1900. Robert, born Dec. 9, 1815; died in infancy. Richard, born Aug. 26, 1817; died in Ogden, Nov. 8, 1898. Annie, born Sept. 2. 1819. James, born August, 1821; died in 1833; buried in Earlston cemetery. Richard's father, David Ballantyne, a large, handsome man, six feet tall and weighing over 200 pounds, died in 1829, in Springhall, near Kelso, Roxburgshire, Scotland, and was buried in Ednam churchyard, without hearing the gospel; but he was a good, devout and faithful follower of Christ, and a lover of his divine truth and mission. His mother and all her family joined the Church, becoming devout believers in the doctrines of Christ as restored through the Prophet Joseph Smith. After gathering to Nauvoo, Ill., with her family in 1843, she continued a faithful member of the Church, cheerfully bearing all the severe trials and privations of the expulsion the travels in the wilderness, and the settling of a new country in the Salt Lake valley, finally passing away from the troubles of this life in peace, in October, 1871. She was buried in the Salt Lake City cemetery, in the lot of President John Taylor, who had married her daughters Jane and Annie. Richard Ballantyne, who was early taught to be moral and religious, was baptized by sprinkling when an infant, into the "Relief Presbyterian Church," being later taught in its doctrines. When twenty-one years of age he became an elder, and later a ruling elder whose duties consisted cf visiting among the members with the priest, and looking after the finances of the church, in which he was greatly blessed. It was while still a young man that he began his labors as a Sunday school teacher, which work he [p.704] continued to his dying day. After due investigation, he was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints by Elder Henry McCune, president of the branch in Edinburgh, in the waters of Leith, on a beautiful moonlight night, in December, 1842. "All nature seemed to be at peace," he writes; "to look at the broad expanse of waters, and to contemplate the mysteries of the unfathomed deep, might well suggest the mysteries of the unknown future that now lay before me; and what if a picture thereof had been unfolded to me! What would I have seen?" What, indeed, but persecution at home; pilgrimage to a foreign land; tempestuous seas; Nauvoo, with its sore trials and martyred Prophet and Patriarch; the pioneer journey over the deserts to the Rocky Mountains, surrounded by wild beasts and savages, in the midst of sickness, hunger and death; the new and barren home where there was supreme war with the elements and crickets for a scant livelihood; himself, moved upon by the spirit of God to build a house, without money or other help, in which to teach the children the gospel of Jesus Christ, and establish the Sunday Schools which, under the fostering hand of God's providence, were to grow in his lifetime to be a mighty aid in God's "marvelous work and a wonder;" travels over unknown seas to proclaim the gospel to the heathen, until, without purse or scrip, he should girdle the earth in his mission of love; the peculiar days of the "Reformation" in his desert home; the armies of the nation unwittingly sent to Utah with a view to accomplish what other trials and sufferings had failed to achieve; again the abandonment of home in the "Move;" the return in peace and the marvelous growth of his chosen people until the silence of the mountain valleys is broken by the voice of thrift and industry; himself standing as the husband of three wives, and father of twenty-two children, and over one hundred grandchildren, with sons-in-law, and daughters-in-law; the "raid" and legal persecution of 1882-90, with its fearful apprehensions, imprisonments and fines; the light and prosperity of the decade closing the nineteenth century, darkened to him by financial failure; the end of his days, marked by the peace of a life well spent; and the joy of beholding a united and honored family, and having a mind full of faith and hope and trust in God, which could in the end exclaim: "I know that my Redeemer lives." Having at length reviewed most of these incidents, he writes: "The foregoing, to show how wise it is in God to keep the future mostly hidden from our view!" As to the employments of his life up to this time: When seven years of age, he herded his mother's cows on the public roads: at ten he tended garden, walks, and the lawn of a wealthy gentleman, working also on the farm; from twelve to fourteen, he worked exclusively on the farm. His education was obtained during the time from nine to fourteen that he occasionally attended school, mostly in the winter months. At fourteen he was apprenticed as a baker, to a Mr. Gray, serving three years. When he was sixteen, he was made foreman of the business; he also served one year as baker's foreman in Kelso, under a Mr. Riddle. His former master, Gray, dying, he purchased his business for $25 and became his own master, for five years conducting his business in Earlston; quitting to remove to Nauvoo when he quit baking forever, for he never liked it. Leaving his native country in 1843, with his mother, two sisters and a brother, he came by way of New Orleans, to Nauvoo, Ill. Here he became the manager and bookkeeper of the Coach and Carriage Association, where many of the wagons were built which aided the first emigrants to cross the plains to Utah. In 1846, he settled the affairs of John Taylor's printing establishment, hired a flouring mill with Peter Slater, 36 miles east of Nauvoo, and he also engaged in farming on the east bank of the Missouri river. During the troubles in Nauvoo, he with others, was in the hands of the mob for over two weeks, suffering greatly from exposure and hardship. In 1846 he went with the scattered remnants of Nauvoo to Winter Quarters, where he remained about eighteen months, until May 18, 1848, at which date he started for the Valley, crossing the plains in Pres. Brigham Young's company, which arrived in Salt Lake City in September. In the year previous, he married Huldah Meriah Clark, and their first son, Richard, was born while crossing the plains. Arriving at the "Old Fort," he again went to farming, on [p.705] Mill creek. He lost his crop for three years in succession, and finally obtained five acres on Canyon creek. Here a terrific hail storm destroyed his crop. In 1846, he was ordained a Seventy by Pres. Joseph Young, and shortly thereafter a High Priest by Apostle John Taylor, which latter office in the Church he held and honored to the time of his death.
He labored with constancy in the Priesthood, considering all his duties a pleasure, but his Sabbath school labors were his chief delight. Upon arriving in the Valley, he immediately began to consider how the moral and spiritual welfare of the children might be advanced; and, having obtained a little home, he asked his Bishop for permission to establish a Sunday school. Permission was granted, but there was no prospect for obtaining a house to meet in for months to come. Under this predicament, he resolved to build an addition to his home, and there begin the work. In the summer of 1849 he hauled rock from the Cottonwood quarries and laid the foundation of red sand stone, and also made the adobes, hauled logs to the saw mill for a share of the lumber, exchanged work with a carpenter who made the doors and windows, and so the first Sunday school house was built, and the first school, numbering some fifty students, was held in it on the second Sunday in December, 1849. Later it was held in the Fourteenth Ward meeting house. I asked him at one time, why he was so desirous of organizing a Sunday school. He replied in writing: "I was early called to this work by the voice of the spirit, and I have felt many times that I have been ordained to this work before I was born, for even before I joined the Church, I was moved upon to work for the young. Surely no more joyful nor profitable labor can be performed by an Elder. There is growth in the young. The seed sown in their hearts is more likely to bring forth fruit than when sown in the hearts of those who are more advanced in years. Furthermore, I had passed through much trouble, had been sorely tried by friends and foes, and in it all the gospel had proved such a solace to me that I was very desirous that all the children of the Saints should learn to prize it as I valued it. And more, I saw that the children, from the very nature and circumstances of the people, were being neglected, and I wanted to gather them into the school where they could learn not to read and write, but the goodness of God, and the true gospel of salvation given by Jesus Christ." In this way he was engaged temporally and spiritually, when in the fall of 1852, he was called to go on a mission to Hindoostan, India. After a long and perilous voyage, he arrived, with twelve other Elders, in Calcutta, July 24, 1853. In St. Thomas Mount, near Madras, he helped to organize a branch, Aug. 3, 1853, with three members, he having been appointed to labor in that vicinity, with Elders Robert Owen and Robert Skelton. He also published several issues of the "Millennial Star and Monthly Visitor," in which many of his writings on the gospel are set forth. Sailing for England, via Cape of Good Hope, July 25, 1854, he arrived in London, Dec. 6, 1854, and then made his way, in charge of a company of Saints, to St. Louis, Mo., via New Orleans. In the spring of 1855 he was placed in charge of a company of emigrants numbering about five hundred, with fifty wagons, all of whom arrived in Salt Lake City in first class condition, Sept. 25, 1855. Thus, in so early a day, he had encompassed the earth on his mission. He was met by Pres. George A. Smith, who remarked: "You have accomplished a journey around the world without purse or scrip, and brought in your company with a band of music and flags flying." Immediately upon his arrival, Pres. Young appointed him to a home mission to preach to the Saints in the well-remembered "reformation." In this he devoted his time till May, 1857. He was married to Mary Pearce, Nov. 27, 1855, and about two years later to Caroline Sanderson. Taking a fencing contract on the Jordan, after his release, he earned a team with which, making several trips, he moved his family to Nephi, prior to the coming of Johnston's army. Here he remained farming for two years, raising 400 bushels of wheat each season, returning to Salt Lake City in the fall of 1859. In 1860, having been offered a $3,000 stock of merchandise, he removed to Ogden, becoming one of the first business men of that city, where he opened a store and prospered exceedingly. Reasons of a religious nature induced him to quit business and go to farming: Brigham Young had [p.706] publicly said that "unless the Elders of the Church quit their merchandising, they will all go to hell." He thought so much of his religion, and believed in the word of President Young (although the latter had privately told him to do as his judgment dictated) to such an extent that he immediately abandoned his business pursuit. Said he: "I did not want to go to hell, and I had previously noticed that nearly every 'Mormon' merchant I had known had apostatized." He then purchased a farm in Eden, Ogden valley, where he raised some large crops, and had six successively destroyed by grasshoppers.
He assisted in building the Union Pacific railway in 1868, and also the Central Pacific. He became the manager, later, of a combination of three cooperative stores, on call from Pres. Franklin D. Richards, which he afterwards purchased and closed out in 1871. For the next six years he returned to farming, until, in May, 1877, he sold his farm and purchased the "Ogden Junction," established in 1870, successfully publishing the paper for eighteen months, to November, 1878, when he sold out. Then he went to railroading, helping to build the Oregon Short Line. Returning in 1881, he entered 480 acres of land under the Davis and Weber Counties Canal, and, with others, began and completed the stupendous task of building that waterway. In 1889 he sold his interests for $16,000 and purchased the lumber business of Bernard White. The "boom" in Ogden followed; he was induced to dabble in real estate, which, with reverses in business, brought about by the panic of 1893, completely ruined him financially, and doubtless hastened his death, which took place in Ogden, on Nov. 8, 1898. Elder Ballantyne was fourteen years a member of the Weber county court, and several times an alderman in Ogden city, with an unimpeachable record for honesty and conscientious work. In 1872 he was chosen superintendent of Sabbath schools for Weber Stake, which position he held and magnified until death. Prior to this, he was a zealous worker in the schools, being the founder of the Sunday school idea in Weber, as well as he had been in Salt Lake City. From him and from his labor the work gradually extended to the whole Church. He helped to erect the Central and other schoolhouses, being one of the trustees, and was ever an advocate of the system of schools which would place a good common school education within easy reach of the people. He was the senior member of the High Council at his death, having been a member thereof for over seventeen years. Here he was known as a firm defender of the right, and a lover of fair play and justice. Aug. 26, 1897, he was honored by a public celebration of his natal day, he being then eighty years old. Thousands of children, with their teachers from all parts of the county, marched in procession through the streets of Ogden, with music and banners, in his honor; at Lester Park, where the festivities were continued, he was literally covered with a wilderness of flowers, contributed by the little ones from every settlement and Ward in the county. The Sunday schools, upon request of General Superintendent George Q. Cannon, contributed towards assisting him to build a small home in which the last three months of his life were spent in quiet peace, marred only by the weakness of his body. He was conscious to the last, and full of ideas and plans for the progress and welfare of the schools. His work in this line kept him young in spirit, his interests being entwined about the hosts of Sunday School children whom he dearly loved. Elder Ballantyne was, in his early days, very strict and sometimes austere; close in business, but strictly honest. In later years, he was full of sympathy and affection. He was a strong-minded man, but ever moved by justice to the oppressed, and mercy to the sinner and the weak. He was one of the strong characters common to the pioneers and the early members of the "Mormon" Church to whose cause his whole soul was devoted.
He was a thorough Christian, of whom it is truly said: "He sought first the kingdom of God and his righteousness." His labors and devotion to Zion, and his noble life, will shed sunshine upon many generations yet to be. Edward H. Anderson.
Richard Ballantyne Company (1855)
Most people in the fourth emigrant company of 1855 were Perpetual Emigration Fund (PEF) passengers who, under Elder Richard Ballantyne, had traveled from Liverpool, England, to America aboard the ship Charles Buck. Ballantyne himself was a returning missionary (he had served in India). The ship sailed on January 17 and, after an eventful 56-day voyage, arrived at New Orleans March 14. The passengers next boarded the steamboat Michigan and traveled up the Mississippi to St. Louis, arriving there March 27. Ballantyne and about 250 of his party then continued up the Missouri to Atchison, Kansas Territory, on the riverboat Golden State, arriving April 5. (Some who joined Ballantyne's overland train crossed the Atlantic on the ship Helious to New Orleans. At least one traveler came on the Siddons, landing at Philadelphia, then traveling by rail to Atchison. Others came on the Chimborazo via Philidelphia.)
Atchison, the Mormon outfitting point for plains travel, was a newly established town. When Elder Ballantyne and party arrived, it did not have a boat landing or streets, and there were only six houses. The emigrants helped create streets, worked at a sawmill, and built a boat landing. Next, the company moved to Mormon Grove (a few miles from Atchison), where Church officials had claimed land. There, the travelers established a 160-acre PEF farm. By July 7, they had completed a ditch and a log fence and had ploughed and planted about 40 acres. A few crops were already growing. Cattle had to be broken and teamsters had to be trained. This was accomplished by having the men yoke the oxen and drag logs around the camp. All PEF passengers received food for the plains but, if they could afford it, they could add a few luxuries. Because of Indian hostilities, Church officials announced that "every male capable of bearing arms, must be supplied with a good rifle or other fire-arms, and at least one-half pound of powder and two pounds of lead, or shot and balls." The Church provided guns to some men.
Ballantyne and 402 Saints left Mormon Grove for Utah about July 1. The train included 45 wagons, 220 oxen, 24 cows, 3 horses, and 1 mule. Each wagon carried 700 pounds of flour, 200 pounds of corn meal, and 1,100 pounds of baggage, plus spokes and axel trees, hinges, and cooking utensils. From Big Blue River on July 10, the Captain reported, "We have had no cholera nor sickness of any kind, except what may reasonably be expected among so many people." He had learned that grasshoppers had attacked Utah's crops and "everything is eaten up in the Valley" and in "the grass for fifty miles on this side." On July 22 he wrote from the Platte River, just below Fort Kearny, that the train was surrounded by "great multitudes" of buffalo. On the 23rd, he wrote: "We have not been hindered a day since we started, but have traveled on slowly and steadily, Sundays excepted. . . . Owing to the fatigues of the journey and the frustrations and excitement produced by unruly cattle, some unwillingness was first manifest on the part of a few to stand up like men in the discharge of camp duty; but this spirit and feeling is gradually disappearing. . . . TheBell is rung around the coral [sic] and tents at 4 o'clock each morning for all the people to get out of bed. In a quarter of an hour after the roll is called, each man is required to be on the ground with his gun to answer when his name is called. A short time is then generally spent in military duty. . . . The spirit of hurrying has not yet troubled us, yet we have felt to use all diligence as the season is somewhat advanced, our provisions are very limited. . . . We intend being as judicious as possible with our provisions, yet we shall need some supplies before reaching the Valley as we only had in flour to serve us to Green River. . . . Brother Thursting's [Thurston's] train traveled with us several days. . . ."
On July 24, 20 miles above Fort Kearney, the company paused to commemorate Brigham Young's 1847 arrival in Utah-feasting, parading, and dancing to the music of the violin and dulcimer. From July 28 on, the men carried loaded guns while on guard duty. Later, Captain Ballantyne ordered all men not otherwise employed to walk ahead of the company with their weapons at the ready; all were admonished to be minutemen (a total of 80 armed men available). By August 3rd the train was north of the South Platte River. At Ash Hollow the emigrants gathered currants and cherries; the trees were "literally bent down with the weight of the fruit." The train was within sight of Chimney Rock on August 9th and had arrived at Scotts Bluff on the 12th. From Fort Laramie (August 15) the captain wrote: "Unity and peace prevails among us. No stampedes . . . . The feed has been good. The roads between Ash Hollow and Laramie have been rather heavy. . . . Our cattle stand the journey well. The Indians are peaceable." Later, feed became scarce and "lots of Cattle lay down and died foot Soar [and for] lack of feed &c." The company was at Bitterwood Creek on the 17th and at La Bonte on the 20th.
A passing traveler wrote: "The saints in this company seemed to enjoy the journey very much though most of them walked almost the entire distance. It was not a little wonderful to me, to see ladies with whom I was acquainted in the east, and knew as sickly and delicate, unable to walk three or four squares, to market or shopping, without experiencing much fatigue, walk fifteen or twenty miles a day, and come into camp at night with light hearts, singing the songs of Zion, and praising their God. . . . Capt. Ballantyne, is indefatigable in his exertions to promote the well being of the Saints under his charge, and enjoys the unbounded confidence and esteem of his entire company. We journeyed with this company until the morning of the 24th [Aug.], when we left them two miles above Deer Creek." The train reached the Platte Bridge on August 25.
At the Sweetwater River, 16 wagons were involved in a stampede, and it took half a day to repair broken wheels and tongues. By then the train was out of provisions and the travelers faced starvation. Fortunately, a few days later, on Little Sandy, the company met supply wagons from the Salt Lake Valley. That night the people celebrated until late in the evening. On August 29 the company was at Independence Rock; by September 16 it was at Fort Bridger. On September 24, the Nauvoo brass band, accompanied by many citizens of Salt Lake City, came to meet the company. With them were President Erastus Snow and wife and sister Ballantyne. These visitors joined the emigrants in feasting, dancing, singing, and praying. Women and some men wept for joy. The next day the train paraded into town. The band, on horseback, rode at the head of the company, playing. Then followed a large flag borne by two young horsemen. Several small flags floated from the tops of the wagons. Reportedly, the emigrants were all smiles. After the company set up camp on Union Square, Presidents Young and Kimball visited, bidding the travelers welcome. On this trip eight individuals had been run over, three were accidentally shot, and five died. Three courts had been held on the plains.