Re: Thomas Angell (1618) Antecedents
Posted by: George Maynard
Date: May 03, 1999 at 13:40:06
In Reply to: Thomas Angell (1618) Antecedents by Waynne Warren of 409
I suggest that you refer to "The Ancestry of Emily Jane Angell 1844-1910" by Dean Crawford Smith, edited by Melinde Lutz Sanborn (Boston, New England Historic Genealogical Society 1992), p.1, in which the author concludes that, based on simple chronology,Thomas the Immigrant could not descend from the Angells of Peakirk. She states; "The process of elimination now shows that Thomas Angell of Rhode Island cannot be part of that family" and his parentage and origin "remain unknown."
I certainly hope that she is wrong and you are right.
ONE OF THE ORIGINAL SETTLERS OF PROVIDENCE, R.I.
When Roger Williams sailed from Bristol, England on the ship Lyon, he took his young kinsman Thomas Angell, a lad of twelve, as an indentured servant, a common practise in those days. They arrived at Boston in February 1631. In the next few years they dwelt briefly in Boston, Salem and Plymouth. When Williams was banished from Massachusetts, it was young Angell, a husky youth of eighteen, noted for his great size and physical stamina, who accompanied him through the wilderness in that bleak January of 1636, guiding him though forest and swamp, tending him in his illness and sharing his perils and privations. Even at that early age, he displayed the strength of character and bold independence which marked his entire life.
Angell's aggressiveness soon brought him to public attention in the new settlement at Providence. Although handicapped by lack of education, his physical and moral qualities were such that he rose to positions of great importance. In 1652 he was elected one of the commissioners to make laws for the colony and three years later became Constable of Providence and a prime figure in the celebrated Chasemore Case. Richard Chasemore of Patuxet was charged with a foul crime and residents demanded that Williams, as President of the colony, arrest him. While Williams claimed jurisdiction over Patuxet, so too did Governor Endicott of Massachusetts. The two were even then negotiating to settle this matter. Not wishing to offend Endicott, Williams requested him to arrest Chasemore. After much irresolution, Endicott agreed to send a sheriff and aide to make the arrest. Nicholas Fenner, a Justice of the Peace, and others, enraged at Williams' complacency, directed Angell, as Constable, to seize the interloping sheriff. With one aide to help him, Angell nabbed the sheriff, the aide and Chasemore, and bundled them all off to jail. The sheriff, released almost at once, returned to Boston and Chasemore was bailed to appear before the Court at Newport, Rhode Island. From this curious imbroglio the status of Rhode Island as a sovereign commonwealth was established.
In 1655 Angell was made a Freeman of the Town of Providence. That year he shared in the Division of Lands, drawing the lot just north of where the First Baptist Church now stands. The lane bordering it is now Thomas Street and its extension over the hill, Angell Street. In 1658 the former illiterate boy was chosen Town Clerk, which position he held for seventeen years. After King Phillip's War, he was one of the five who decided the fate of the Indian captives.
An important event in his life took place after the Restoration of King Charles II. Charles had sworn to track down the Regicides who killed his father. Knowing these men were sheltered in the colonies, the authorities deemed it wise that the leading men of each colony should take an Oath of Allegiance to the King. Angell was one of the twelve selected from Rhode Island. He defied the King and refused to take the Oath. Three others agreed with him, but eight signed. After much negotiation, the Oath was reframed, the language modified,and the four signed.
In 1685 Thomas Angell made a will dividing his property between his eight children, after providing for his wife, Alice (Ashton). In 1694 he died. It is to be hoped that his numerous descendants will look back with pride to one who for so many years was a sturdy bulwark of Providence Plantations and who helped establish our great nation Condensed from an article by Edward Wild Bradford
THE CHILDREN OF THOMAS AND ALICE (ASHTON) ANGELL
Alice Ashton was the daughter of James and Alice Ashton of St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England. She came to New England with her brother James, an early settler of Providence, and here she married Thomas Angell. She dies December 24, 1694.
Source:Published by the Thomas Angell Family Association in Commemoration of the 325th Anniversary of the Founding of Providence, Rhode Island, 1636-1961 Source: Published by the Thomas Angell Family Association in Commemoration of the 325th Anniversary of the Founding of Providence, Rhode Island, 1636-1961
Thomas Angell was born England before 1619 and likely much earlier since he calls himself "very Aged" in his 1685 will. He died in Providence, RI between August 1688 (Providence estate tax) and 18 September 1694 when his will was proved. He married possibly at Providence before 1642, Alice Ashton. He came from London as servant or apprentice of Roger Williams, as one tradition has it, but another tradition says, of Richard Waterman.
On 27 July 1640 Angell was one of the thirty-nine signers of an agreement for a government. He took his status as an inhabitant and Freeman of Providence very seriously and was politically active until the last decade of his life. He was one of the twelve signers of the Providence Oath of Allegiance, making his curious circular mark. A forceful and opinionated man, he held many town offices, despite being illiterate (or at least unable to write). He was a member of the Town Council in 1650 and was also surveyor and commissioner that year. He was one of the six jurymen in 1650, 1652 and 1659.
In December of 1652, Angell filled an important position as one of the six Providence commissioners at the General Assembly at Hugh Bewitt's trial for high treason. Bewitt had been found guilty by the Court of Trials and he appealed to the Court of Commissioners, and Angell and the five other commissioners acquitted him, sparing Bewitt the dreadful punishment reserved for traitors. Angell was frequently associated with matters of defense, upholding of the law, and other physical matters.
On 25 3mo 1653, he was ordered a commissioner to meet with the Warwick commissioners regarding Captain Underhill and Mr. Dyer and the manner and means of making war upon the Dutch. Due to the merchant trade up and down the coast, there were several inter-marriages between Dutch and Providence colonists. This did not prevent the Council of State from directing the people to annoy the Dutch and forbidding them to send provisions. In one of the most aggressive responses from a New England colony, Rhode Island voted cannon and small arms and twenty volunteers be sent to the English on Long Island.
Thomas Angell acted as constable for the town of Providence in the precedent-setting case of Richard Chasmore, in which Rhode Island's sovereignty over its citizens versus the authority of the Massachusetts Bay Colony was tested. The men of Rhode Island took exception to the Massachusetts Bay Colony authorities assuming that they had jurisdiction on Rhode Island land. They further resented the implication that Roger Williams was the only man in Rhode Island with any power. By standing strong and silent in this altercation, Thomas Angell and his four deputies withstood the implied challenges of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Roger Williams brought a presentment against Thomas Harris, William Wickenden and Thomas Angell on 13 March 1656/7, charging them as ringleaders in the new division in the colony. Harris was charged with treason as a result of his view of liberty, which differed from those of Williams but the charge was dropped. The three men appeared in court and three times an appeal was made for the prosecutor to come forward, but Williams did not come and no other appears to take his place, so the men were dismissed. The divisiveness in question was a matter of teachings on the nature of liberty, Angell apparently being a strong adherent of Harris' rather than an originator of the concepts involved.
Thomas Angell was a juror on the inquest upon the body of Margaret Goodwin 4 3mo 1651 [sic, more likely 1657] when the jury made the curious assessment that, "the terribleness of the crack of thunder on the second of the third month, 165, or the coldness of the night, being she was naked did kill her."
Robert West filed a complaint against Thomas Angell on 27 August 1646 for having trapped and attacked some of West's swine with a pitchfork after they had entered Angell's property in July. Thomas killed a sow and "bruisd as black as a shoe" some of the pigs. Angell was ordered to pay damages for the dead sow and for the value of her skin, which had been torn by the pitchfork.
At the beginning of King Philip's War, the neutrality of Providence was respected by the Wampanoags, close friends to Roger Williams from the beginning of his settlement. The harm came when colonists from these two towns joined the United Colonies army as it marched through, violating the town's neutrality. The Narragansetts were wintered in a swamp of four or five acres in the area now known as South Kingston. The results of the "Great Swamp Fight" were a small number of colonists killed and well over one thousand Narragansetts and Wampanoags killed, hundreds by burning to death in their wigwams, and countless more starved when their provisions for the winter were burned in the battle. On 26 Mar 1676, a small force of colonists was attacked by the Narragansetts on the Massachusetts side. Outnumbered, the surviving colonials escaped, bringing news to Providence. Three days later, Providence was attacked, evidently the Narragansetts' first violation of the town's neutrality. Though Roger Williams pleaded for peace, the Narragansetts set fire to the town. Shortly after the burning of Providence, Canonchet, who had led the Narragansetts, was captured and taken to Stonington where he was shot and shortly thereafter, King Philip was killed and the war ended.
At the annual town meeting 5 June 1676, five Providence men were chosen to settle the question of what to do with the surviving Indians. As one of these five, Thomas Angell made his mark to the decision that they should be placed in servitude for a number of years, according to their present ages. Other colonies were not so generous, either killing their vanquished enemies or selling them to permanent slavery in distant lands.
Thomas Angell dropped out of public service in the 1680's, though he appeared on the regular tax lists from 1680 through 1684. That the inventories of both Thomas and Alice Angell were taken the same day, coupled with the fact that Thomas paid no taxes after 1688, suggests that Thomas died about 1689 and that the family waited until Alice died in December of 1694 before probating their estates.
His will was written 23 May 1685, at least three years before his death. At a Meeting of the Council, 18 Sep. 1694: "This Day the last will & Testatment of Thomas Angell (deceased) beareing date ye 23 May 1685, hath been Examined; the which was some time since Exhibited; James Angell the Exsecutor made Oath unto ye same Tho: Olney Nathaniell Waterman & Ep: Olney as witnesses made oath to the sd will; The said will is this day approved."
Here followeth the Record of the last will & Testamt of Thomas Angell of Providence, deceased:
Be it knowne unto all People by these presents That I Thomas Angell of Providence in the Colloney of Rhoad Island & Providence Plantations in New England being now very Aged & not knoweing how soone it may please God to Remove me out of this world, and least any discontent or discord should arise after my departure conserning what Estate I shall leave behind; & being desireous that what I do leave may be Enjoyed according as my mind is it should be, Do now whilst I am in some measure of strength and whilst I am of sound & Perfect memory, make ordaine & appoynt this to be my last will & Testament:
first I do make voyd & null all & Every other will by me made at any tie formerly either by word or writeing & this will & Testament only to stand in force.
Item, I do give & bequeath unto my son John Angell my sixty acres of land lieing within the Towneshipp of Providence aforesaid in my Right of the first devision, And also my sixty acres of land in the fifty acre of second devision adjoyneing to the same, & lieing & being neare the palce Caled Cauncaunjawatchuck to be unto him, his Heirs & Assignes forever. As also the one halfe of my Right of Commoning within the said Providence Towneshipp so farr west as the seven mile line, that is to say for Commoning or feeding of Cattell cutting of Timber or forewood or any use wch Commoning is Considered in, saveing onely makeing Claime to any devision of land thereby; that shall not be; As also together with the said halfe Righ[t] of Comon, the one halfe of my Right of lands & Commoning I do give & bequeath which lieth on the west side of the seven mile line, unto my said son John Angell to be unto him his Heirs & Assign for[e]ver together with all & every their Appurtenances.
Item, I Do give & bequeath unto my son James Angell my dwelling house which standeth in the aforesaid Providence Towne next unto the streete, and my house lott or home share of land whereon the said house standeth, together with my other house lott or home share of land to it adjoyneing, as also all my meaddowes, & my Twenty acres of land lieing on Wayboysett side of the water neere the Cove Called Hawkins his Cove; And my six acres of land lieing in that Tract of land Called the neck where the Cove or salt Creeke called Bailies Cove lieth neere unto the said six acres of Land; As also my Tenn acres of land, lieing in the valley bordering upon the Northerne side of the River Called Wanasquatuckett, And not farr from Thomas Olney of Providence aforesaid his orchard & meaddowes lieing upon the said River; And also halfe my Right of Comoning within the Plantation of Providence aforesd so farr West as the seven mile line, with all the lands which are yet devideable, or may yet, or hereafter be devided or laid out on the East side of the seven mile line unto a whole Purchase Right of Common: As also the one halfe of all my lands & Common within the Towneshipp of Providence aforesaid lieing on the west side of the seven mile line: All which said lands meaddowes & common, with my aforesd dwelling house together with my Barne, & all other my houseing (the house which I now dwell in only Excepted) to be unto my said son James Angell, to him his Heirs & Assignes forever, together with all & every their Appurtenances. Item, I Do give & bequeath unto my son James Angell my dwelling house which standeth in the aforesaid Providence Towne next unto the streete, and my house lott or home share of land whereon the said house standeth, together with my other house lott or home, share of land to it adjoyneing, as also all my meaddowes, & my Twenty acres of land lieing on Wayboysett side of the water neere the Cove Called Hawkins his Cove; And my six acres of land lieing in that Tract of land Called the neck where the Cove or salt Creeke called Bailies Cove lieth neere unto the said six acres of Land; As also my Tenn acres of land, lieing in the valley bordering upon the Northerne side of the River Called Wanasquatuckett, And not farr from Thomas Olney of Providence aforesaid his orchard & meaddowes lieing upon the said River; And also halfe my Right of Comoning within the Plantation of Providence aforesd so farr West as the seven mile line, with al the lands which are yet devideable, or may yet, or hereafter be devided or laid out on the East side of the seven mile line unto a whole Purchase Right of Common: As also the one halfe of all my lands & Common within the Towneshipp of Providence aforesaid lieing on the west side of the seven mile line: All which said lands meaddowes & common, with my aforesd dwelling house together with my Barne, & all other my houseing (the house which I now dwell in only Excepted) to be unto my said son James Angell, to him his Heirs & Assignes forever, together with all & every their Appurtenances.
Item, I do give & bequeath unto my daughter Anphillis Smith & unto my daughter Mary Arnold, & unto my daugher Deborah sabeere, & unto my daughter Alice whipple, & unto my daughter Margery whipple unto Each of them two shillings in silver Money to be paid unto them by my Executor hereafter & Executrix hereafter Named:
Item, I do give & bequeath unto my loveing wife Alice Angell my now dwelling house wherein I now dwell to be unto her for her use duiring the time of her Widdowhood; and in Case shee Marrey not, then for the sd house to be unto her duiring the terme of her naturall life with a small plot of land adjoyneing to the said house for a little Garden; As also before the said house Conveniency of yard Room As also free Egresse & Regress for her to pass & repass as shee may have Ocation through any of the afore devised lands: But i Case my said wife do Marrey then at the day of her marriage shall the said house & small Plot of land come into the hands of my said son James Angell with ye Privelidges aforesaid to be unto him his Heirs & Assignes forever, but in case she marrey not, then shall the said house & sd small Plot of land with the said Privelidges Come into the hands of my said son James Angell after the decease of his mother to be unto him & his Heirs & Assignes forver; And that my sd son James angell shall keepe the said house in such Repare as may be Comfortable for his said mother to dwell in duiring the time of her makeing use thereof as aforesaid. I do also give unto my wife one milch Cow to be her owne, & that the said Cow shall be by my sd two sons (viz) John Angell & James Angell constantly, both summered & wintered for the use of my said wife, & when the said Cow by Reason of Age or other thing which may make her unfit for milke doth faile, then shall my said son James take that said Cow himselfe & put another in its Roome, & so in Case any Causalty befalls at any time what cow is so for my sd wife her use as afore Exprest then shall my said son James still put another Milch Cow in its Roome; the which sd Cow shall be at my sd wife her dispose, Either if shee marrey or at her death; And that my said two sons John Angell & James Angell their Heirs Executors Administrators & Assignes shall yearly pay unto my said wife (their mother) sixteene shillings in money untill shee marrey, & in case shee marrey not, then duiring the terme of her naturall life; the which said sixteen shillings shall yearely be the one halfe paid by my said son John & the other halfe by my said son James. And that my said two sons John Angell & James Angell their Heirs, Executors, Administrators & Assignes shall take Care & shall provide for the Comfortable maintenance of my said wife duiring the terme of her [Widdowhood, & if she marrey not, then duiring the terme of her] naturall life; And that such Care shall by them be taken & such Provision by them be made that my said wife may sufficiently, suteably & Comfortably be kept & maintained both in health & in sickness with sutable tendance & all other nessesareys as her Condition shall Constantly Require; the which Charge shall be Equally borne by my said two sons: But in Case my sd two sons shall neglect or faile, or Either of them their Heirs Executors Administrators or Assignes shall Neglect or faile of the performance thereof, then shall a third part of the defective party their lands afore devised be unto my said wife for her use & Profitt during the terme of her widdowhood, if shee marrey not, then during the terme of her naturall life: The which Third part of the said lands shall be the third part of ye same which may be most Advantageous to my said wife. I do also give & bequeath unto my said wife all my household goods to be her owne & at her owne dispose; That is to say all my Bedds bedding, Cloathing both woollen linnen, & all sorts of vessells both Iron, Brass, Pewter, wood & all other things to the house belonging which are Nessesary for house keepeing which may be Counted household goods: Table linnen as well as other is includedl; as also if any moneyes be left at my decease, the same I do give unto my said wife.
Item, I do give & bequeath unto my son James Angell all my Cattell of all sorts only Excepting one Cow which I have before disposed of to my wife; As also unto my said son James Angell I do give all my Tooles of what sort soever & all other my Estate both Moveable goods and Chattells not before disposed of: And unto my said son James I do give to him his Heirs & Assignes forever all other my lands Rights Interests & Titles whatsoever not before disposed of. And I do make ordaine Constitute & appoynt my loveing wife Alice Angell my lawfull Executrix & my son James Angell my lawfull Executor, both Joyntly, unto whome I do give all my debts unto me from any Person due, & they to pay all debts from me to any person due; & to see that my body be decently buried & to Execute & performe this my will according [to] My true meaneing & intent therein, And I do desire and appoynt my loveing friends & neighbours Nathaniell Waterman & Thomas Olney to be the overseers of this my Will. In witness of the Premises I do hereunto set my hand & Seale the Twenty & third day of may in theyeare one Thousand six hundred Eighty & five.
The marke of X Thomas Angell.
Signed & Sealed in the presence of us Thomas Olney, Nathaniell Waterman, Epenetus Olney.
Be it knowne unto all People by these presents that I the aforesd Thomas Angell do Add this as a Coddicill to my aforesaid will: That is, I do also give & bequeath unto my said son John Angell, unto him his Heirs & Assignes for ever my Ten acres of land which was unto me laid out in luie of my Right of my share of Meaddow in the second or fifty acre devision, it lieing & Adjoyneing to my afore specified lands neere Cauncaunjawatchuck; The which sd Ten acres of land was forgotten before whe the other lands was disposed of: In witness whereof I do hereunto set my hand the Twenty & third day of May in the yeare one Thousand six hundred Eighty & five.
The marke of X Thomas Angell.
Signed in the presene of us, Thomas Olney, Nathaniel Waterman, Epenetus Olney.
James Angell Executor to the abovsd will appeared this day before the Towne Councill of Providence being the 18th day of September 1694 & made oath unto the said will: Thomas Olney: Nathaniel Waterman & Epenetus Olney, the 18th of September 1694 appeared before the Towne Councill of Providene & attested upon Engagement unto the abovesd will as Witnesses.
The 18th of September 1694 the Towne council of Providence have Examined & do approve the aofresd will: Attests Joseph Jencks Assistant Steven Arnold Assistant, Joseph Williams Assistant. Recorded August ye 15th 1711 P Tho: Olney Clerk.
Herefolloweth a Record of ye Inventory of the Estate of ye deceased Thomas Angell of Providence. The Inventory of the Estate of ye deceased Thomas Angell, Taken & made the 21 of January 1694/5 as followeth:
A great Coate
2 Cotten shirts
1 Dowlas shirt
1 old much worne Flannill shirt
A west coat & a P of Breeches
a P of Drawers & 2 old Coates
1 Hatt, old & out of fashion
P of Old stockins
2 yardes of homespun Raw Cloath
1 more old Cloathes little worth
3 old Bolsters, not fethers, & 2 pillowes & an old straw bed
A very old flock bedd much worne & light a fether bed & boslter
A Fether bed & boulster
An old Boulster & 3 old Pillowes
1 P of Cotten & linnen sheets, & one P of all linnen sheetes
4 P of Two sheetes
1 shirt, old
1 P of fine Pillow bears
5 Pillow beers
4 Towells & a small Table cloath
2 Pillow beeres
1 P of Blancketts
1 Rugg called a smooth Rugg
1 P of Old Blanketts
1 olde worne out Rugg
3 old linnen Cloths that things were wrapt in
3 old Blanketts
2 Basens & a Pewter Platter
2 Chamber Potts
1 leakey 2 pint Potts old & 1 halfe pint pot
2 old Pewte small dishes 2 Poringers 2 spoones
An old small Bason & Porringers, sausers & 2 old spoons
2 old Bell mettle Possnetts, a Brass Candle stick
a Brass Morat & Pestle
An old Brass Chafeing dish & a Brass skillet no frame, worne out & pacht
4 Indian woodden dishes, 2 Trayes & a boule
1 old Turned boule, a dish, a platter & a skim dish
3 old brass Kittells, little better then old Brass
1 old lanthorne & a kallebash bottle
1 old Runlett
1 old Earthern Pott a Pann & small dish
1 small Iron Pott & small old Iron Kettle
1 Frying Pann
1 Tramill & an eetch hooke, an old Grid Iron, a P of pot hookes, a P of Thongs, a slice handle, & a spitt & P
6 Glass Pint bottells
4 long neckt Glass bottels
3 Old spoones
An old Lookeing Glass
2 Pokett handkercheifs 3 Neckcloaths
2 Callico Neckcloaths
7 linnen Capps
1 Pillow beere
3 chests & a box & another box with drawers
1000 of Pinns
Old Tubbs & such lumber
1 old draught chaine
In money 5 pounds
A Joint forme
The sum Totall, Error Excepted, amounts to 43 pounds, 13s., 4d. This abovesd Inventory is a true & just apprisall of ye Estate of sd Thomas Angell of what was brought to our view: Taken & made the day & yeare abovesd by us Nathaniell Waterman, Tho: Olney: The 12t of Februarey 1694/5, James Angell Executor to ye last will of ye deceased Tho: Angell hath made Oath to the trueth of sd Inventary above written, & also Tho: Olney & nathll: waterman. Recorded August ye 20th 1711: P Tho: Olney Clerk.
The Ancestry of Emily Jane Angell 1844-1910, Dean Crawford Smith, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, MA, 1992, pp. 107 & 121 - 125.
The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, John Osborne Austin, Genealogical Pub. Co., Baltimore, MD, 1969, (previously pub. 1887), p. 4.
Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, James Savage, Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD, 1990 (rev.), p. 57, Vol. 1.