Ancestors of Tim Farr and The Descendants of Stephen Farr


John JOHNSON [Parents] [scrapbook] was born in BET 1580 AND 1590 in England, United Kingdom. He died 1 on 30 Sep 1659 in Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States. He was buried in Oct 1659. John married 2, 3 Grace FAWER about 1656 in Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States.

Other marriages:
HEATH, Mary
SCUDDER, Margery

Extracted marriage date (to Margery)

4026. John Johnson425, born 1590 in Kent, England; died September 30, 1659 in Roxbury, Massachusetts. He married 4027. Mary Heath September 21, 1613 in Ware, Hertfordshire, England.

4027. Mary Heath, born in Ware, Hertfordshire, England. She was the daughter of
8054. William Heath and
8055. Unknown.


JOHN JOHNSON'S name was made famous one morning in February, 1645, at Roxbury, Mass., by the seventeen barrels of powder stored in his house blowing it to atoms. He was the "surveyor-general of all ye armyes," and, when Ann Hutchinson was taken into custody because of her religious opinions, the General Court ordered that the arms and ammunition of all her Roxbury adherents should be delivered into the custody of John Johnson. This was in 1637, and Governor Winthrop has described what followed: "John Johnson, having built a fair house in the midst of the town, with divers barns and other out-buildings, it fell on fire (February 6, 1645) in the day-time (no man knowing by what occasion), and there being in it seventeen barrels of the country's powder and many arms, all was suddenly burnt and blown up to the value of 400 or 500. Wherein a special providence of God appeared, for he being from home, the people came together to help and many were in the house, no man thinking of the powder till one of the company put them in mind of it whereupon they all withdrew and soon after the powder took fire and blew up all about it and shook the houses in Boston and Cambridge so as men thought it had been an earthquake and carried great pieces of timber a good way off and some rags and such light things beyond Boston meeting house."

John Johnson came to America in the "Arabella," in 1630, with Governor Winthrop's party, from Groton, Suffolk County, England. He settled at Roxbury, where he was soon appointed constable, and in 1631 was admitted freeman. In 1639, having paid ten shillings to the company, he was "freed from training." In 1640 he was "freed from training without any pay," because of his other services. He kept a tavern on Roxbury street, where many public meetings were held, and was a very industrious and faithful man in his place." He represented Roxbury in the General Court fourteen years, and was a member of the church when it was first organized. He died September 29, 1659, at Roxbury. His wife was Margery ((???)). His homestead was on the southwest corner of Washington and Ball streets, Boston, then Roxbury

The following was taken from the "Johnson Family History"  (Prepared by Clarence J. Webster of The Times editorial staff.) JSMB book area 929.273 A1 8599

            The Johnsons came to this country during the wave of immigration from England
        to the Massachusetts colonies in the 1620s. Charles I came to the throne in 1625.
        autocratic, dominating and imbued with the traditional Stuart belief in the divine
        right of kings, he placed in the statue books law after law which was severe and
        oppressive

             Charles enacted without a vote of parliament of law requiring a new royal
        grant which would raise taxes throughout the country sharply. In Lincolnshire
        in eastern England's agricultural section the cry of protest was especially
        sharp. Here lived such well to do families as the Dudleys, the Winthrops, the
        Harrises. Here lived too Isaac Johnson, one of the wealthiest men in all Eng-
        land, who a short time before had married Lady Arbella Tyne, daughter of the
        Earl of Lincoln. And on a section of Isaac Johnson's expansive estate lived
        and worked the youthful John Johnson with his fast growing family. John Johnson
        was a distant relative of Isaac Johnson (the existing records do not indicate
        the exact relationship).

            These Lincolnshire families were deeply aroused. Men met quietly at the
        home of John Winthrop and Thomas Dudley and discussed their future course. To
        continue to live in an England where an autocratic ruler could exact steadily
        increasing tribute seemed unbearable. Talk arose of a journey to America.  Al-
        ready word had come of men and women who were making their way in this new land
        despite the many hardships.. By the spring of 1626 the decision was made. A
        ship, the "James", was purchased and made ready. Some 200 persons were to make
        the trip. or The Arbella (formerly Eagle), The Talbot(f), The Ambrose, The Jewel left
        from Southhampton  3/29/1630 + 7 other vessels later

        JOHN JOHNSON
             John Johnson was 26 years of age when he came to america in 1626. With
        him was his wife, Margery, and his two sons, Isaac, who was seven, and Humphrey,
        who was four. There were three daughters also in the family but they remained
        in England. The trip on the "James" took .better than two months and it was mid
        summer before the now colonists sighted the Massachusetts coast, On the "James"
        with John Johnson and his family were the leaders of the new colony, John Winthrop
        and Thomas Dudley. Isaac Johnson, the wealthy land owner, made the trip and it
        was he without question who influenced John Johnson to attempt the journey.
        These men, workers of the soil and representatives of England‘s rising middle
        class, came to America principally because they saw their property and future
        threatened by a dominating king, The question of religious freedom which sent
        so many of their fellow colonists to Massachusetts both before and after this
        time was not apparently a paramount issue with them.

             Upon arrival in America there was a difference of opinion as to the best
        place to build the colony. The result of this dispute was the development of
        two settlements, one at Charlestown and the other at Roxbury. John Winthrop,
        Thomas Dudley, Thomas Harris, John Johnson and about ho others chose Roxbury.
        Their choice was wise. Roxbury had a spring where fresh water was available
        while the drinking supply at Charleston was far from good. Moreover Roxbury
        built on one of the hills which now forms a part of the city of Boston was far
        easier to protect. In following years the death of scores of Charleston resi-
        dents from disease and from Indian attacks proved the wisdom of these settlers
        of Roxbury.

             John Johnson, ambitious and energetic, set to work at once to clear land
        for a farm. Records show that he grew corn and potatoes on his farm and raised
        pigs and goats. The goats probably furnished milk for his family. In October,
        1630 he applied for admission as a freeman in the colony and in May of the fol-
        lowing year he was accepted. To become a freeman, a candidate must own land and
        must be a member in good standing in the Congregational church. All freemen in
        the colony could vote and participate in the affairs of the colony. During these
        years the colony was growing and by 1635 Roxbury was as large as Charlestown,
        Plymouth and the other Massachusetts settlements.

            John Johnson during these years was recognized as one of the strong and able
        members of the colony. He was young, but these Massachusetts colonies were filled
        with youth. John Winthrop, the governor, was only 40. In l634 John Johnson was
        named a Roxbury representative to the general court of the colony. This was an
        honor which he held for over 20 years. In the early 1633s, too, he became an
        important member of the artillery company of the colony. Service in the army
        was imperative of every man for danger from Indian attack was great even in
        this early year.

            In 1638 John Johnson rose to the important post of surveyor general of
        arms and ammunition. This office gave him full charge of the colony's store
        of army and ammunition. It necessitated the building of a larger home for his
        family and the barrels of powder and the hundred or so muskets were kept in the
        upper floor of the house. The story is told that in 1644 John Johnson's house
        caught fire under mysterious circumstances, The family escaped before the pow-
        der exploded totally destroying the home. Contemporary accounts of the happening
        say that the cause was never determined but that the best observation was that
        colonial officials had not paid for the powder fully. It was the custom of the
        day for every colonist to contribute to the store of powder to be used in defense
        of the settlement. The assumption is that John Johnson whose duty it was to col-
        lect the ammunition and keep it in his house had not been careful enough to see
        that all of the colonists had received in exchange for the powder a share of
        grain or food from the colony's stores.

            The years passed and the Massachusetts settlements grew larger until there
        were about 2,000 persons residing in the various towns. Immigration slowed up,
        however, in the 1640s and 1650s because various oppressive civil and reJigious
        decrees were repealed.

            On June 9, 1655 John Johnson's wife, Margery, died. Not long after he
        married Grace Tawer, the widow of Barbabas Tawer who had been a neighbor.

            John Johnson died on September 30, 1659 at the age of 59 years.
            Histories and accounts of his day call him a man of "undaunted spirit".

            He was apparently a man of large physical build because his strength and his
            fighting prowess are noted.


The following is from Robert Anderson's "The Great Migration Begins: immigrants To New England 1620-1633":

JOHN JOHNSON

ORIGIN:  Ware, Hertfordshire
MIGRATION:  1630
FIRST RESIDENCE:  Roxbury

OCCUPATION:  Quartermaster.  On 8 September 1642 John Johnson was assigned the duty of distributing the gunpowder to the major towns in the colony "taking into serious consideration the present danger of each plantation by the desperate plots & conspiracies of the heathen" [MBCR 2:26].  On 7 March 1643/4 Richard Davenport, Captain of the Fort of the Massachusetts at Castle Island, was instructed to demand at any time from John Johnson, surveyor general, for every soldier one sufficient musket, sword, rest and pair of bandilers with two fathom of match for each musket [MBCR 2:65].  He signed a report of the committee concerning the rebuilding of the castle and batteries on Castle Island, 20 July 1652 [MA Arch 67:102].
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP:  "John Johnson" was #9 on Eliot's list among the first comers to the Roxbury Church, without comment [RChR 74].
FREEMAN:  Requested 19 October 1630 and admitted 18 May 1631 [MBCR 1:80, 366].
EDUCATION:  His inventory included "two Bibles, one psalm book and eight books more, £1 5s.," but he made his mark to his will.
OFFICES:  Deputy for Roxbury to General Court, 1634-57 [MBCR 1:117, 135, 145, 164, 173, 178, 185, 192, 194, 204, 220, 227, 235, 319, 2:22, 55, 145, 186, 238, 265, 3:9, 39, 44, 62, 105, 121, 147, 183, 220, 259, 297, 422].  Committee to view ground and set bounds for Charlestown and Newton, 7 November 1632 [MBCR 1:101].  Committee to put a cart bridge over Muddy River, 6 August 1633 [MBCR 1:107].  Committee to purchase lands for the Indians "to live in an orderly way amongst us", 4 November 1646 [MBCR 2:166].  Arbiter in Saltonstall vs. Watertown, 27 October 1647 [MBCR 2:201].  Paymaster for the building of Boston prison, 17 October 1649 [MBCR 2:282, 288].  Committee to properly supply ministers, 6 May 1657 [MBCR 3:423-24].  Committee to settle impotent aged persons or vagrants, 14 May 1645 [MBCR 3:15], and numerous other committee appointments.
Coroner's jury, 28 September 1630 [MBCR 1:77].  Roxbury constable, 19 October 1630 [MBCR 1:79].

Admitted to Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, 1638 [HAHAC 1:66-67].  Surveyor General of Arms and Ammunition, 8 September 1642 [MBCR 2:26, 3:147].  Committee to review colony defenses, 26 May 1647 [MBCR 2:197, 228].
ESTATE:  On 1 April 1634 he paid 20s. toward the building of the seafort [MBCR 1:113].

In the earliest list of Roxbury inhabitants, about 1642, John Johnson's valuation of £15 12s. and £6 8s., with six goats and four kids, was one of the highest in the town [RBOP 4-5].

In the Roxbury land inventory in the early 1650s John Johnson held thirteen parcels, six of which had been granted to him by the town: "his house, barn and house lot on the back side of his orchard, together with liberty to enclose the swamp and brook," eight acres; three acres of marsh; twenty acres of mowing ground; ten acres of woodland; four acres by Rocky Swamp; one hundred and ten acres and one quarter in the last division, first and third allotments; fifty-one and a half acres in the thousand acres near Dedham, bought of Edward Porter and John Pettit; six acres bought of James Morgan; sixteen acres and a half bought of Richard Goad; an acre and a quarter lately the land of Thomas Lamb; three acres of woodland lately the land of John Stebbins; four acres of fresh meadow "lately bought of John Parepoynt"; and thirteen acres and twenty rods of land, wood and pasture bought of Thomas Gardner [RBOP 16-17].

He took in a servant, Samuel Hefford, for three years on 1 December 1640 [MBCR 1:311].  He deposed 7 September 1642 that he had sold three acres of meadow to John Sams [SLR 1:37].

John Johnson was granted £40 "for his service done the country diverse years past" on 14 May 1645 [MBCR 2:99, 103].  On 7 October 1646 he petitioned with others for the land formerly granted them between Dedham, Watertown and Sudbury; Johnson was to receive four hundred and thirty-six acres [MBCR 2:163, 184].  On 18 October 1648, John Johnson and others were to receive lands formerly granted between Andover and Redding "in the place whereabouts the bridge should be built" [MBCR 2:256].  He sold one hundred acres to Richard Parker, 24 May 1650 [MA Arch 45:17].  On 22 June 1652, John Johnson received land in Roxbury from Thomas and Dorothy Hawley [MA Arch 67:102].

In May 1656, John Johnson and Eleazer Fawer were instructed by the General Court to divide the estate of Barnabus Fawer equally so that Johnson's third wife, Grace (Negus) Fawer, and her son Eleazer Fawer received half each [MBCR 3:402].

On 6 May 1657, "Mr. John Johnson having been long serviceable to the country in the place of surveyor general, for which he hath never had any satisfaction, which this Court considering of, think meet to grant him three hundred acres in any place where he can find it" [MBCR 3:430].  Within the year, Johnson had sold this land to Mr. William Parks [MBCR 4:1:354].

In his will, dated 30 September 1659 and proved 15 October 1659, "John Johnson of Roxbury" bequeathed to "my beloved wife" my dwelling house and certain lands "I have already given" during her natural life according to a deed, also £60 for her household furniture "which house and lands, after my wife's decease, I give unto my five children to be equally divided, my eldest son having a double portion"; to "my two grandchildren who have lived with me, Elizabeth Johnson and Mehittabel Johnson" £5 each; to "my sons Isaak Johnson & Robert Pepper" confirm the parcel of lands of fifty-five acres in the third division "I have formerly given" them; residue to "my five children equally divided, my eldest son having a double portion"; sons Isaac Johnson & Robert Pepper executors; "my dear brethren Elder Heath and Deacon Park" overseers; "If my children should disagree in any thing I do order them to choose one man more, to these my overseers, & stand to their determination" [SPR Case #218].

The inventory of "John Johnson late of Roxbury" was presented 15 October 1659 and totalled £623 1s. 6d., of which more than £350 was real estate: "20 acres of meadow," £80; "the house and land about it," £190; "one lot near Stoney River let to John Peairepoint for years," £40; "in the Great Lots one pasture of about twenty acres," £40; and "about ten acres of land near the Great Lots and twelve acres bought of Thomas Garner," £[blot].  Among the many domestic luxuries in this inventory were a considerable number of linens, cushions, rugs and blankets.  His personal military accoutrements included "two fowling pieces and one cutlass, £2" [SPR Case #218].

In her will, dated 21 December 1671 and proved 29 December 1671, "Grace Jonson" "very weak in body" bequeathed to "my two brothers Jonathan and Benjamin" all my estate equally divided; "my brother Jonathan Negus" executor; "they shall give to them that was helpful to me in my sickness" [SPR 7:175].

BIRTH:  By about 1588 based on date of first marriage.
DEATH:  Roxbury 30 September 1659 ("John Johnson, Surveyor General of all the arms, died & was buried the day following" [RChR 176].)
MARRIAGE:  (1) Ware, Hertfordshire, 21 September 1613, Mary Heath; she was buried at Ware 15 May 1629.
 (2) By 1633 Margery _____.  "Margery Johnston [sic] the wife of John Johnson" was #90 on Eliot's list and probably came to New England in the spring of 1633 [RChR 79].  "Margery Johnson, the wife of John Johnson," was buried at Roxbury 9 June 1655 [RChR 176].
 (3)  By 1656 Grace (Negus) Fawer, widow of Barnabas Fawer [MBCR 3:402]; she died after 21 December 1671 (date of will) and before 29 December 1671 (probate of will).
CHILDREN:
i  MARY, bp. Ware 31 July 1614; m. (1) by 1636 ROGER MOWRY; m. (2) Rehoboth 16 March 1673/4 John Kingsley.
ii  ISAAC, bp. Ware End, Great Amwell 11 February 1615/6; m. Roxbury 20 January 1636/7 Elizabeth Porter [NEHGR 148:45].
iii  JOHN, bp. Ware End, Great Amwell 8 April 1618; bur. Ware 8 July 1627.
iv  ELIZABETH, bp. Ware End, Great Amwell 22 August 1619; m. Roxbury 14 March 1642/3 Robert Pepper.
v  HUMPHREY, bp. Ware End, Great Amwell 5 November 1620; m. (1) Roxbury 20 March 1641/2 Ellen Cheney; m. (2) Roxbury 6 December 1678 Abigail (Stansfield) May, widow of Samuel May.
vi  JOSEPH, bp. Ware End, Great Amwell 20 April 1622; bur. there [blank] May 1622.
vii  SUSAN, bp. Ware End, Great Amwell 16 July 1623; bur. at Ware 16 August 1629.
viii  SARAH, bp. Ware 12 November 1624; bp. Ware 12 November 1624; m. (1) by 1647 Hugh Burt (possibly Hannah below was his wife); m. (2) by July 1653 William Bartram (child b. before April 1654).
ix  JOSEPH, bp. Ware 6 March 1626/7; bur. Ware 30 March 1627.
x  HANNAH, bp. Ware 23 March 1627/8; no further record unless she is the wife of Hugh Burt, above.
ASSOCIATIONS:   John Johnson's first wife, Mary Heath, was sister to WILLIAM HEATH and Isaac Heath of Roxbury.

While there is no doubt that one of the five children named by John Johnson in his will was at one time the wife of Hugh Burt, it is not certain which daughter, Sarah or Hannah, she might have been.  Sarah is the more likely candidate, and if it was she, then she went on to marry William Bartram.  This difficult and unsolved problem has been discussed by Helen S. Ullmann and by Dean Crawford Smith and Melinde Lutz Sanborn [TEG 6:178-84; Angell Anc 390; see also NEHGR 149:230-39].

COMMENTS:   John Johnson was the confidant of powerful men, filled an important position in the affairs of the early colony and in the development of its defenses, and was involved as an overseer, attorney, witness and appraiser in the affairs of many of his neighbors [Lechford 60, 207, 255, 294; SPR Case #43, 83, 96, 134, 196; SLR 1:30, 107, 137, 215, 238 327 2:237-38, 341; MA Arch 15B:151].  He owned a considerable estate at his death.  With all these advantages, he kept a low profile in his personal life and never achieved a consistent rank of "Mr."

John Johnson was freed from training, paying 10s. a year to the company, 31 October 1639, and the following year was freed entirely, in "regard of other public service without any pay to the company" [MBCR 1:282, 315].  This implied that he was not yet sixty years old in 1640.

A great tragedy to the Johnson family as well as the town of Roxbury, occurred when John Johnson's house, with a substantial supply of the colony's gunpowder therein, caught fire and burned in March of 1645. Many of the major diarists of the time recorded the event:

John Johnson, the surveyor general of ammunition, a very industrious and faithful man in his place, having built a fair house in the midst of the town, with diverse barns and other outhouses, it fell on fire in the daytime, no man knowing by what occasion, and there being in it seventeen barrels of the country's powder, and many arms, all was suddenly burnt and blown up, to the value of four or five hundred pounds, wherein a special providence of God appeared, for he, being from home, the people came together to help and many were in the house, no man thinking of the powder till one of the company put them in mind of it, whereupon they all withdrew, and soon after the powder took fire and blew up all about it, and shook the houses in Boston and Cambridge, so as men thought it had been an earthquake [WJ 2:259].
Eliot remarked,

In this fire were strange preservations of God's providence to the neighbors & town, for the wind at first stood to carry the fire to other houses, but suddenly turned & carried it from all other houses, only carrying it to the barns and outhousing thereby, & it was a fierce wind, & thereby drove the vehement heat from the neighbor houses [RChR 188].

At the General Court 14 May 1645, John Johnson moved that copies be made of important documents that had "very hardly escaped" the fire [MBCR 3:13].
Assistant Governor, Thomas Dudley, was a close associate of John Johnson's, and Dudley bequeathed to "John Johnson, surveyor general of the Arms and one of his beloved friends" £5 if he lived two years after Dudley's death, and asked that Johnson and the others should "do for me and mine as I would have done for them & theirs in the like case" [SPR Case #129].

Pope, for no apparent reason, credited John Johnson with a son John who "came to Roxbury" and was an "efficient citizen."

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE:  John Johnson has been frequently treated in print by excellent genealogists.  In 1948 Mary Lovering Holman produced an account that would be the standard for many years [Stevens-Miller Anc 318-22].  In 1992 Douglas Richardson and the team of Dean Crawford Smith and Melinde Lutz Sanborn simultaneously and independently discovered the English origin of John Johnson and published useful information on his family and his many connections with other early New England immigrants [NEHGR 146:261-78; Angell Anc 377-91].

Grace FAWER. Grace married 1, 2 John JOHNSON about 1656 in Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States.

Grace's will was probated 3 on 29 Dec 1671.

Widow of Barnabas Fawer. Surname "Negus".


William SCUDDER [Parents] was born in 1565 in of Darenth, Kent, England, United Kingdom. He died in of Darenth, Kent, England, United Kingdom. William married Margery in 1588 in St Dunstan's, Stepney, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom.

Margery was born in 1567 in of Darenth, Kent, England, United Kingdom. Margery married William SCUDDER in 1588 in St Dunstan's, Stepney, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom.

They had the following children.

  F i Margery SCUDDER was born in 1592. She died on 9 Jun 1655.

Stephen CHICKERING [Parents] was born about 1528 in of Wymondham, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom. He died in Wymondham, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom. Stephen married Agnes.

Agnes was born about 1532 in of Wicklewood, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom. Agnes married Stephen CHICKERING.

Given name may be Anne

They had the following children.

  M i Henry CHICKERING was born in 1560.

Robert LAWTER was born about 1554 in England, United Kingdom. He died in Jan 1580 in Atlantic Ocean. Robert married Mary FISKE.

Robert was also known as Lantersee.

Maybe married to Mary Fiske?

Mary FISKE. Mary married Robert LAWTER.

They had the following children.

  F i Anne LAWTER was born in 1580. She died in 1636/1637.

Gregory BELCHER was born in 1562 in of Berkswell, Warwick, England, United Kingdom. He died in Berkswell, Warwick, England, United Kingdom. He was buried on 3 Mar 1620. Gregory married Joane in England, United Kingdom.

Joane was born in 1554 in Berkswell, Warwick, England, United Kingdom. Joane married Gregory BELCHER in England, United Kingdom.

They had the following children.

  M i Thomas BELCHER was born in 1578. He died on 20 Mar 1620.

Samuel HUNT was born about 1552 in of Wardend, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom. Samuel married Rebecca in England, United Kingdom.

Rebecca was born in 1552 in of Wardend, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom. Rebecca married Samuel HUNT in England, United Kingdom.

They had the following children.

  F i Deborah HUNT was born in 1582.

Richard RAINSFORD [Parents] 1 was born about 1557 in Gyles, Epping, Essex, England, United Kingdom. He died on 14 Feb 1603. Richard married Anne MEADE.

5. Richard RAYNSFORD (George, John, William, Henry), of Epping, cc. Essex, where he was buried 17 February 1603/4 (microfilm of parish register transcript at Essex Record Office, no. hR 57). Philip Morant s History and Antiquities of the County of Essex (1767), 2:50 says the manor of Cues in Epping passed to Antony Browne in 1566, then was held by Richard Raynsford, Esq., "who dyed 14 Feb. 1603." His inquisition post mortem, held at Stratford, 3 July 1604, states he died 14 February 1604 holding the Manor of Gilles, lands at Epping Bury and Epping [faded wordJ in cc. Essex, lands at Sabredyworth, and in the manors of Pisho Bury, [faded wordj Bury, and Shinglehall, co. Herts., and that his son and heir was Robert Rayns ford, more than twenty-one (PRO 665/59). The Victoria County History of Essex, 4:295, notes that Richard Rainsford of Epping, who died in 1604, left £5 to found a charity in the parish of North Weald Bassett, the income to be applied for relief of the poor.

He was twice married, first to ANNE MEADE, the only wife mentioned in the pedigrees, and second at St. Gregory-by-St. Paul, London, 6 July 1585, as "Richard Rainfford of Epping in Essex, gent.," to ELIZABETH REVELL (parish register, no. MS 10,231 at Guildhall Library, London). The first marriage is probably that marriage recorded at North Weald Bassett on 8 November 1559 between Richard Raynsford and Anne God-den [sic 1. Anne is called a daughter of Thomas Meade of Berdon, cc. Essex, in the pedigrees, but her father has not yet been sufficiently identified among several of the name. The will of Joan Mead of Berden, widow, dated 28 August 1557 (Essex Record Office no. B/ABa 1/103 Reel 1, xerox copy provided by Archivist) names sons John, Edward, Thomas and Richard Mead, son Richard Bennett, mentions unnamed wives of all sons, names daughters Joan, wife of Thomas Pelham; Elizabeth Wright, and Agnes Goddaye, and leaves unnamed children of

Edward Raynsford of Boston    235

Agnes cash legacies at their day of marriage. The will of Edward Mead of
Berdon, dated 10 September 1577 and proved 19 November following
(PCC 44 Daughtry) names his ten children, brothers Thomas and
Richard Mead, sister Jane Pelham but not sister Agnes/Anne, who was
perhaps then dead.

On 4 December 1558 Robert Gocidaye of Sabrythesworth, alias Groves, cc. Hertfordshire, was licensed to alienate the same and land in Sherying, cc. Essex, to his son Thomas Goddaye, and on 12 June 1560 Thomas Gooddaye and Joan his wife of Sabrigeworth, co. Hertfordshire, were licensed to alienate lands in Shering, cc. Essex (Calendar of Patent Rolls: Elizabeth I, 10:136, 363). The Hertfordshire "Feet of Fine," Trinity Term 8 Elizabeth 11566 (The Herts Genealogist & Antiquary 1 [18951: 345) shows "Three messuages and lands in Sabrygeworth, The. Goddaye & Benedict Averyll; Rich. Raynsforde & Agnes his wife." Much later, at Hilary Term 34 Elizabeth I, 1591/2, there was an action regarding messuage and lands in North Mymmes, Herts., between Henry Knowlys, gent., vs. Rich. Raynesford, gent., Elizabeth his wife, and Elizabeth Marvyn, widow (ibid., 3 [1898]: 97).

George Baker, History of Northamptonshire (1822-1830), 1:348, states that in 1602 Richard Symes alienated his manor of Drayton in Northamptonshire to Richard Raynsford, Esq., and Robert his son and heir apparent in fee, "which Robert, in 6 iac. (1608) his father being then dead," conveyed to Richard Farmer, Gent., and Edward Farmer his second son.

The will of Richard Raynsford of Epping, Gentleman, was made 22 August 1599 and proved 5 June 1604 (PCC 59 Ha.rte). By it he left wife Elizabeth various personal and household goods she was to forfeit if she remarried. He left £500 apiece to "my sonnes two daughters Marye and Jane" when they married or at age twenty-one; £25 to be paid within three years to "Phillippa Marshe the child of my late daughter deceased," and the balance of his estate to son Robert Raynsford who was also nominated executor. His "loving nephew Richard Bugge, gentleman, and my loving brother-in-law Richard Meade, yeoman" were to be supervisors and each was to receive a gold ring worth forty shillings when three months. The will was witnessed by John Mules, Edward Stauemont and Roger Numan.

Printed from NEHG Register, Volume 139, July 1985,© New England Historic Genealogical Society & Broderbund Software, Inc., Banner Blue Division, May 22, 2001

Anne MEADE [Parents] 1 was born about 1561 in Bermondsey, Surrey, England, United Kingdom. Anne married Richard RAINSFORD.

They had the following children.

  F i Phillipa RAINSFORD was christened on 11 Jun 1561.
  M ii
George RAINSFORD was christened 1 on 6 Jun 1562. He was buried 2 on 26 Jun 1562 in North Weald Bassett, Essex, England, United Kingdom.
  M iii
John RAINSFORD 1.
  F iv
Judith RAINSFORD was christened 1 on 28 May 1564 in North Weald Bassett, Essex, England, United Kingdom.
  F v
Susan RAINSFORD was christened 1 on 23 Dec 1565. She was buried 2 on 9 Jan 1565/1566 in Epping, Essex, England, United Kingdom.
  M vi Robert RAINSFORD Esquire was christened on 7 Feb 1566/1567. He died on 15 Apr 1629.
  F vii
Jane RAINSFORD was christened 1 on 19 Apr 1568. She was buried 2 on 10 Apr 1569 in Epping, Essex, England, United Kingdom.

Robert RAINSFORD Esquire [Parents] 1, 2 was christened 3 on 7 Feb 1566/1567 in Epping, Essex, England, United Kingdom. He died 4, 5 on 15 Apr 1629 in Staverton, Northamptonshire, England, United Kingdom. Robert married Georgina POPE.

Robert had a will 6 on 10 Oct 1628 in Staverton, Northamptonshire, England, United Kingdom.

Other marriages:
KIRTON, Mary

ROBERT RAYNSFORD (Richard, George, John, William, Henry), Esquire, of Staverton, co. Northampton, was baptized at Epping, cc. Essex, 7 February 1566/7 and died at Staverton, 15 April 1629.
He was twice married according to the pedigrees, first to GEORGINA POPE, daughter of John Pope, Esq., of Wroxton, Co. Oxen, by his wife Elizabeth Brockett (Oxfordshire Visitations, 15 1-2). Georgina was baptized at Wroxton, 3 January 1563/4 (letter from R. E. L. Walker, incumbent, who states her marriage is not recorded there nor are there any Raynsford entries in this period).
Robert married second at Croydon, 14 December 1602 Mary KIRTON (Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica 4 11837]: 93; confirmed by letter of A. 0. Meakin, Chief Librarian of the Central Library, Croydon, which holds transcripts of the parish registers). The Kirton pedigree presented by Baker shows she was daughter of Thomas Kirton of Thorpe Mandeville, cc. Northampton, whose marriage to Marie Sadler is recorded in the London parish of St. Andrew Undershaft on 19 February 1559/60 (microfilm of parish register, no. MS 4107 at Guild-hail Library, London). Mary Kirton was a granddaughter of two Aldermen of London, Stephen Kirton and John Sadler (The Aldermen of London. [London, 1913], 2:30, 110, 345), great-granddaughter of a Sheriff of the city, Nicholas Leveson, and was both niece and great-niece of Lord Mayors: Sir Nicholas Woodruff and Sir William Hewett. Her baptism is not among those of children recorded to her parents at St. Andrew Undershaft between 1560 and 1567 or at Thorpe Mandeville between 1573 and 1577, but the. pedigrees show she was mother of Robert s children as listed below, and she was alive on 20 April 1634 when named in the will of her son John Raynsford as "my loving mother Mary Raynsford, widow" (PCC 105 Seager).
Robert Raynsford of Staverton, Esquire, made his will 10 October 1628 and it was proved by his son John 1 May 1629 (PCC 39 Ridley). To wife Mary he left life interest in the Staverton property with reversion at death to eldest son John, a half-part of his tithes and duties in the County of Warwick to be held in common with eldest son John, and various movables. Second son Richard was left £40 yearly during the life of his mother, to be paid by brother John, and third son Edward was to have

Edward Raynsford of Boston 237

£100 when twenty-one. A legacy of £300 was left to youngest daughter Anne, £200 to be paid when she was twenty-one and the remaining £100 when she was twenty-two. To "ungratious daughter Jane Awbery" he left 3 shillings, 2 pence, to be paid "within three months, on demand," and he named son John as executor. Witnessed by Gee: Addams, Henry [Bassindinefl, [his mark], Matthew Home.

Printed from NEHG Register, Volume 139, July 1985,© New England Historic Genealogical Society & Broderbund Software, Inc., Banner Blue Division, May 22, 2001

Georgina POPE was christened 1 on 3 Jan 1563/1564 in Wroxton, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom. Georgina married Robert RAINSFORD Esquire.

They had the following children.

  F i Marie RAINSFORD was christened on 2 Apr 1593.
  M ii
George RAINSFORD was christened 1 on 8 Jul 1595 in Epping, Essex, England, United Kingdom. He was buried 2 on 27 Jul 1595 in Epping, Essex, England, United Kingdom.
  F iii Jane RAINSFORD.

Thomas KIRTON [Parents] 1 was born 2 about 1537 in Edmonton, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom. He died 3 on 20 Apr 1601 in St Andrew Undershaft, London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom. Thomas married 4 Mary SADLER on 19 Feb 1559/1560 in St Andrew Undershaft, London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom.

THOMAS KIRTON, Esq., of Thorpe Mandevilie, Northamptonshire, and St. Andrew Undershaft, London, merchant tailor, merchant of the staple of wool, common serjeant of London, born say 1537. He married at St. Andrew Undershaft in 1560 MARY SADLER, daughter of John Sadler, of Edmonton, Middlesex, and London, Alderman of London. They had three sons, William, Stephen, and Edward, and five daughters, Jane (wife of William Morton, Esq.), Margaret (wife of Thomas Leeson), Alice (wife of John Fountain), Ursula (wife of William Wright), and Mary. THOMAS KIRTON, Esq., was buried at Thorp Mandeville, Northamptonshire 21 April 1601.

Mary SADLER [Parents] 1 was born about 1540 in of Thorpe, Manderville, , England, United Kingdom. Mary married 2 Thomas KIRTON on 19 Feb 1559/1560 in St Andrew Undershaft, London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom.

They had the following children.

  F i Mary KIRTON was born about 1564. She died about 1629.

Richard ARNOLD 1. Richard married Alice.

Richard's will was probated on 3 Aug 1604 in of church, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom.

Alice 1. Alice married Richard ARNOLD.

They had the following children.

  M i Thomas ARNOLD was born about 1550. He died on 24 Jan 1622.

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