Ancestors of Tim Farr and The Descendants of Stephen Farr

Walter de CLIFFORD [Parents] died 1 on 22 Jan 1222. Walter married 2 Agnes de CUNDY 3 about 1185.

Agnes de CUNDY 1. Agnes married 2 Walter de CLIFFORD about 1185.

They had the following children.

  M i Walter de CLIFFORD was born in 1186. He died in 1263.

Llewellyn ap IORWERTH Prince of Wales 1, 2, 3 was born 4, 5 in 1173 in Dollyddelan, Wales, United Kingdom. He died 6, 7 on 11 Apr 1240 in Aberconway. Llewellyn married 8 Joan PLANTAGENET Princess of Wales 9, 10, 11 in 1206.

LLYWELYN AB IORWERTH, the Great, Prince of North Wales, born in Dollyddelan, Wales, in 1173, died in Aberconwy, Wales, 11 April 1240.
It has been said that married first GwenThan of Brynffenigi; she is not mentioned by Peter C. Bartrum.
He married in 1205 JOANN PLANTAGENET, who died at the Court of Aber about 1236, having married second, in York, Yorkshire, England, 19 June 1221, King Alexander II of Scotland. Tangwystl Goch ferch Llywarch Goch was his mistress.
After an apparent falling out, he was forgiven by King John on 25 Dec. 10 John. but an outbreak of hostilities in 1212 resulted in the execution of hostages [A.E. Corbet, 104]. He accompanied his father-in-law, King John of England, on the invasion of Scotland in 1209, and seized Shrewsbuiy in support of the barons in 1215, thus pressing King John to sign the Magna Charta.

Children, by wife Joan Plantagenet:
i.    Dafydd, d. 1246; m. Isabehla de Braiose, dan. of William de Braiose, who was hanged by Llywelyn ab lorwerth in Wales 2 May 1230.
ii.   Margaret (or Margred), d. after 1268 [ Weis, AR7, 29A:28]; m. (1) c. 1219 John de Braiose, who d. 18 July 1232, m. (2) after 1233 Walter de Clifford IV, who d. Clifford's Castle, Herefordshire, c. 23 Dec. 1263.
iii.  Gwenllian Las, d. 1281; m. William de Lacy.
iv.   Helen, m. (1) John le Scot of Huntingdon, m. (2) Robert de Quincy.
v.   Angharad, m. Philip ab Ifor.

Children, by mistress TangwystlN ferch Llywarch Goch [Bartrum, chart Llywarch Howlbwrch 1]:
vi.  Gruffudd, d. 1244; m. three times; he took the side of disloyal barons, was taken prisoner and died while trying to escape from the Tower of London.
vii. Gladys Ddu, d. Windsor 1251; m. (1) Reynold (or Reginald) de Braiose, who d. 9 June 1228, m. (2) 1230 Ralph de Mortimer.

Joan PLANTAGENET Princess of Wales [Parents] [scrapbook] 1, 2, 3 was born 4, 5 before 1200. She died 6, 7, 8 on 30 May 1236 in Court of Aber, Gwynedd, Wales, United Kingdom. Joan married 9 Llewellyn ap IORWERTH Prince of Wales 10, 11, 12 in 1206.


By Walter Lee  Sheppard, Jr., M.S., Havertown, Penna.

In the Bulkeley Genealogy (pages 2-12) Mr. Donald Lines Jacobus included a painstaking study of the English ancestry of the Rev. Peter Bulkeley and his sisters, several of whom had American descendants. This included a descent from William Longespee, Earl of Salisbury, illegitimate son of Henry II, through the Oharlton family. This descent, brought down through Ingoldsby and James to the Harris family of South Jersey, the present writer put in chart form in the Vineland Historical Magazine, vol. 35, facing p. 88. Subsequent1y the Rev. Frederick Lewis Weia printed this descent in tabular form in his Ancestral Roots of Sixty New England Colonists, line31 (pp. 46-47 of second  Edtion, 1951).

Unfortunately, Dr. Weis, in his Additions and Corrections (1956), pp. 2-3, states that in this pedigree the wife of William Mainwaring of Ightfield (who was a Warenne) was a descendant of William de Warenne, Earl of Surrey, son of Hameline Plantagenet, and cites Watson's Memoirs of the Earls of Warenne and Surrey as authority. The Watson book is based on Visitation pedigrees and unreliable, but it happens that both Farrer in his Honours and Knights Fees and Clay in his Early Yorkshire Charters have studied this line and shown that any connection of Warenne of Ightfield to Warenne of Surrey is considerably ante the Plantagenet time. There may well be a Carolingian descent here, but none from the house of Anjou.

Through the research of Mr. John G. Hunt of Arlington, VA., a hitherto unnoted royal line has Come to light, stemming from the Charlton family the marrige of Robert Charlton .(b. 1430,d. 1471) to Mary, daughter of Robert Corbet of Moreton Corbet, Shropshire. This line starts with Joan, Princess of Wales, daughter of King John.
Joan, born well before 1200, is probably the most famous of King John's Illegitimate children. The Tewkesbury Annals, written about 1236, identify her mother as "Queen Clemencia." Some have taken this to mean that she was John's daughter by his first Queen, whom he divorced, his cousin Isabel of Gloucester. But against this it should be noted that Joan never inherited any of the Gloucester estates and was never known as the Countess of Gloucester, and her issue never made claim to that title. David Powell, without citing authority, states that her mother was Agatha, daughter of Robert, Lord Ferrers, Earl of Derby. Joan is first seen in 1203 when a charge is recorded for conveying the King's daughter out of England. She was betrothed to Llewellyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales, by 15 Oct. 1204, and part of her dowry, the Castle of Ellesmere (which Henry II had used to dower his half-sister Emma when he gave her to David ap Owain) was given to Llewellyn on 16 Apr. 1205. The marriage took place that year or the following. In April of 1226 she was legitimatized by Pope Honorius III.

Joan was well loved by the Welsh and apparently had her father's ear, being frequent peace-maker between England and Wales, a position she continued to hold after her brother of the half blood, Henry III, ascended the throne. Her reputation always stood high, though one black episode stands on the record when she seems to have acted as her husband s accomplice in the destruction of William de Braose who had plotted against Llewellyn. (William s father Reginald had married Gwladys Dhu, Joan's daughter, as his second wife.) William de Braose was hanged by Llewellyn on 2 May 1230 "having been caught in the chamber of the Prince with the Princess Janet, wife of the Prince."

Joan died either on 30 May 1236 (Tewkesbury Annals) or in February 1237 ( Welsh Chronicles) at the court of Aber and was buried in the cemetery on the south aide of the Strand.., with sore lamentations and great honour." Her husband founded a Franciscan monastery at her burial place Llanvaes in Anglesey. The grave was despoiled at the dissolution of the monastery, but the stone coffin, bearing her effigy, was later recovered and may be seen there. [Dictionary of National Biography; Sir John Edward Lloyd, History of Wales (1954 ed.), II:658, 766.]

Her daughter. Margaret was married about 1219 to Jobn de Braose. (First cousin of the William hung jn 1230 by Llewellyn), by whom she had a son William. John died in 1231-2, and she married second, after 1233, Walter de Clifford of Clifford Castle in Herefordshire, who died in 1263. Walter de Clifford had by Margaret only one child, a daughter and heiress Maud. [Lloyd, op. cit., II:658, 677, 766; New Complete Peerage, I:21; II:302;  VI:45l-2, note g.]

Maud, daughter and heiress of Walter de Clifford and Margaret of Wales, married first, William Longespee III, Earl of Salisbury, died 1257, by whom she had a daughter Margaret, heiress of her father. She married second, Sir John Giffard of Brimsfield, 1st Baron Giffard, aged 16 in 1248, summoned as a Baron 1297, died 29 May 1299. Maud died between 1282 and 1285 leaving only daughters, and he married second, Margaret, widow of Sir John de Nevill, by whom he had a son and heir, John, 2nd Baron, who died without issue, the estate being divided between the heirs of his half-sisters. One of these was Aelinor. [New Complete Peerage, XI:384; V:639 et seq.]

Aelinor, daughter of John, 1st Lord Giffard, and Maud Clifford, married Fulk le Strange, born about 1267, summoned as Baron Strange of Blackmere 1309, died on or before 23 Jan. 1324/5. She had predeceased him. Baron Strange was a very important man, a field commander of the forces of Edward I and Edward II in Scotland and France, and Serving four years as seneschal of the Duchy of Aquitaine. Among their children was Elizabeth [Ibid., XII:part II:341.]Elizabeth le strange married Robert Corbet of Moreton Corbet, born 1304 and died 1375. Proof of her parentage and of the marriage is found in the Calendar of Papal Registers, Vol. II, p. 229, where under date Ides March 1323 we find: "To Robert Corbet, lord of the town of Morton in the Diocese of Litchfield and Elizabeth daughter of Fulke le Strange, seneschal of the Duchy of Acquitaine dispensation to remain in marriage which they contracted in ignorance that they were related in the 4th degree, and declaring their present and future offspring legitimate. 1 March, Avignon." The relationship between these two is not known to the writer. Robert and Elizabeth were the parents of Roger. [A. E. Corbett, The Family of Corbet (1917), ped. op. p. 368; Eyton, Antiquities of Shropshire, VII:47, 100- 107; X:18l-l9l; IX:323-325.]

Roger Corbet of Moreton Corbet, son of Robert and Elizabeth, died about 1394, married Margaret (died 1395) daughter of Sir Giles de Erdington [Eardiston in Eyton] of Shrewsbury. They had a son Robert. [Ibid.]

Robert Corbet of Morton Corbet, son of Roger and Margaret, Sheriff of Shropshire 1419, died 1440, mararet daughter of Sir William Malory, knt. They were the parents of Mary. [Ibid.)
Mary Corbet daughter of Robert and Margaret, married Robert Charlton of Apley, from whom the descent has already been published. [Ibid.] For the convenience of the reader, a quick summary of the descent from Robert Charlton and Mary Corbet is appended below; for further details, see the references in the first paragraph of this article.

Robert Charlton,  b. by 1430, d. 1471; m. Mary Corbet as above. Their son:
Richard Charlton, b. 1450, d. 1522; m. Anne daughter William Manwaring of Ightfield [though her identity has been questioned]. Richard s daughter was:
Ann Charlton,, b. 1480; m. 1500 Randall Grosvenor, b. 1480, d. l559/60, of Bel1aport, Salop. They had: Elizabeth Grosvenor, b.  ca. 1515; m. Thomas  Bulkeley, 1515, d. 1591, of Woore, Salop. Parents of:Rev. Edward Bulkeley, b. ca. 1540, bur. 5 Jan. 1620/1; m. Olive Irby, b. ca. 1547, bur. 10 Mar. 1614/15.

Of this last marriage, a son, Rev. Peter Bulkeley, came to America. A daughter, Dorcas, married Rev. Anthony Ingoldsby, and their daughter Olive Ingoldsby married Rev. Thomas James and came with him to America. Other daughters were Martha who married Abraham Mellowes; Frances who married Richard Welby (their daughter, Olive Welby married Henry Farwell, and they came to America); Elizabeth who married first, Richard Whittingham, and second, Atherton Haugh; and Sarah who married Oliver St. John (their daughter Elizabeth St. John married Rev. Samuel Whiting and came to America). The issue of all the above marriages lived in New England, and the American descendants are almost numberless.

They had the following children.

  F i Margaret ap IORWERTH was born in 1192. She died after 1268.
  F ii Princess Gwladus Duu of WALES died in 1251.

Christopher SHARPE 1.


He had the following children.

  F i Isabel SHARPE.


Isabel OVERTON [Parents] 1. Isabel married John CORDELL.


Martha OVERTON [Parents] 1. Martha married John DEVEYK.

Thomas OVERTON [Parents] died 1 on 4 Dec 1533. Thomas married Alice WYLLESFORD.


Lord Stephen SEGRAVE Cheif Jusice of England [scrapbook] 1 died 2 on 9 Nov 1241. Stephen married Rohese le DESPENSER 3.

Rohese le DESPENSER 1 died 2 in by 2 Mar 1288/9. Rohese married Lord Stephen SEGRAVE Cheif Jusice of England 3.

They had the following children.

  M i Lord Nicholas de SEGRAVE Knight died in 1295.

Richard de CLARE Earl of Gloucester and Hertford [Parents] [scrapbook] 1, 2, 3 was born 4, 5 on 4 Aug 1222. He died 6, 7 on 15 Jul 1262 in Ashenfield Manor, Waltham, Canterbury, Kent, England, United Kingdom. He was buried on 28 Jul 1262 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom. Richard married 8, 9 Maud de LACY 10, 11 on 25 Jan 1238.

from "Magna Charta" Part 1-2, by John S. Wurtz
FHL British 942 D2wj pt. 1-2

RICHARD de CLARE. Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, born 4 August, 1222. A year after he became of age, he was in an expedition against the Welsh. Through his mother he inherited a fifth part of the Marshall estates, including Kilkenny and other lord-ships in Ireland. He joined in the Barons  letter to the Pope in 1246 against the exactions of the Curia in England. He was among those in opposition to the King's half-brothers, who in 1247 visited England, where they were very unpopular. but afterwards he was reconciled to them. On 20 April, 1248, he had letters of protection for going over seas on a pilgrimage. At Christmas 1248, he kept his Court with great splendour on the Welsh border. In the next year he went on a pilgrimage to St. Edmund at Pontigny, returning in June. In 1252 he observed Easter at Tewkesbury, and then went


across the seas to restore the honour of his brother William. who had been badly worsted in a tournament and had lost all his arms and horses. The Earl is said to have succeeded in recovering all, and to have returned home with great credit, and in September he was present at the "Round Table" tournament at Walden. In August 1252/3 the King crossed over to Gascony with his army, and to his great indignation the Earl refused to accompany him and went to Ireland instead. In August 1255 he and John Maunsel were sent to Edinburgh by the King to find out the truth regarding reports which had reached the King that his son-in-law, Alexander, King of Scotland, was being coerced by Robert de Roos and John Baliol. If possible, they were to bring the young King and Queen to him. The Earl and his companion, pretending to be two of Roos's knights, obtained entry to Edinburgh Castle, and gradually introduced their attendants, so that they had a force sufficient for their defence. They gained access to the Scottish Queen, who made her complaints to them that she and her husband had been kept apart. They threatened Roos with dire punishments, so that he promised to go to the King. Meanwhile the Scottish magnates, indignant at their castle of Edinburgh s being in English hands, proposed to besiege it, but they desisted when they found they would be besieging their King and Queen. The King of Scotland apparently travelled South with the Earl, for on 24 September they were with King Henry Ill at Newminster, Northumberland. In July 1258 he fell ill, being poisoned with his brother William, as it was supposed, by his steward, Walter de Scotenay. He recovered, but his brother died.
Richard died at John de Griol s manor of Asbenfield in Waltham, near Canterbury, 15 July 1262, it being rumored that he had been poisoned at the table of Piers of Savoy. On the following Monday he was carried to Canterbury where a mass for the dead was sung. after which his body was taken to the canons  church at Tonbridge and interred in the choir. Thence it was taken to Tewkesbury and buried 28 July I 262, with great solemnity in the presence of two bishops and eight abbots in the presbytery. at his father's right hand. His first wife was Margaret, daughter of Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent. She died in November, 1237, and he married, second, on or before 25 January 1237/8, Maud, daughter of the Surety John de Lacie, see Chapter 12. She, who had the manor of Clare and the manor and castle of Usk and other lands for her dower, erected a splendid tomb for her late husband at Tewkesbury and was living in 1287, but she died before 10 March 1288/9.

Maud de LACY [Parents] [scrapbook] 1, 2 was born about 1223 in of, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom. She died 3 before 10 Mar 1288/1289. Maud married 4, 5 Richard de CLARE Earl of Gloucester and Hertford 6, 7, 8 on 25 Jan 1238.

They had the following children.

  F i
Isabel de CLARE 1 was born in May 1240 in of, Tonbridge, Kent, England, United Kingdom. She died in 1271.
  M ii Gilbert "the Red Earl" de CLARE was born on 2 Sep 1243. He died on 7 Dec 1295.
  M iii
Thomas de CLARE 1 was born about 1248 in of, Tonbridge, Kent, England, United Kingdom. He died on 7 Feb 0008 in of, Thomond, Connaught, County Clare, Ireland, United Kingdom.
  M iv
Bevis (Bogo) (Benet) de CLARE 1 was born on 21 Jul 1248 in Tonbridge, Kent, England, United Kingdom. He died in Oct 1294.
  M v
Robert (Richard) de CLARE 1 was born about 1249 in Tonbridge, Kent, England, United Kingdom. He died before Jul 1262.
  F vi
Margaret de CLARE 1 was born in 1249 in Tonbridge, Kent, England, United Kingdom. She died before 16 Sep 1312/1313.
  F vii Roese (Rohesia) de CLARE was born on 17 Oct 1252. She died after 1316.
  F viii
Maud de CLARE 1 was born about 1252 in Tonbridge, Kent, England, United Kingdom.
  F ix
Eglentine de CLARE 1 was born in 1257 in of, Tonbridge, Kent, England, United Kingdom. She died in 1257.

DEATH: (age 15 Weeks)

Gilbert CLARE 5th Earl of Gloucester, Magna Carta Surety [Parents] [scrapbook] 1, 2, 3, 4 was born 5 in 1180 in Hertford, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom. He died 6, 7, 8 on 25 Oct 1230 in Penrose, Brittany, France. He was buried on 10 Nov 1230 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom. Gilbert married 9, 10, 11 Isabel MARSHALL 12, 13, 14, 15 on 9 Oct 1217 in Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucester, England, United Kingdom.

4th Earl of Glouchester. 4th Earl of Hertford, and 7th Earl of Clare.

from "Magna Charta" Part 1-2 by John S. Wurtz
FHL British 942 D2wj Pt. 1-2

GILBERT de CLARE, himself a Surety, and son of Richard de Clare the preceding Surety. was born about the year 1180. In June 1202 he was entrusted with the lands of Harfleur and Mostrevilliers. He was one of the Barons still opposing the arbitrary proceedings of the crown, who championed Louis le Dauphin, fighting at Lincoln under the baronial banner, and was  taken prisoner by William Marshall, whose daughter he later married. He led an army against the Welsh in 1228 and captured Morgan Gain, who was released the next year. Being engaged in an expedition to Brittany. he died on his way back at Penros in that duchy, 25 October 1230. His body was conveyed by way of Plymouth and Cranbourn to Tewkesbury. He was buried there before the high altar, 10 November 1230. a monument being erected by his widow, Isabella, sister of William Marshall, the Surety, see Chapter 16, and daughter of William Marshall, the Protector. He had married Isabella Marshall on 9 October 1217 and she died 17 January 1239/40. Their children were 2 Agnes who became the wife of Roger de Mowbray, grandson of the Surety William de Mowbray, see Chapter 19.

The following is from "Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans" by Boyer
GILBERT DE CLARE, 7th Earl of Clam, 5th Earl of Hertford and 4th Earl of Gloucester, born about 1180, died in Penrns, Brittany, 25 Oct. 1230, while returning from an expedition, and was buried at Tewkesbury.

He married, 9 Oct. 1217, ISABELA MARSHAL”, who died Berkhampstead 17 Jan. 1239/40 after having married second, 30 Mar. 1231, Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cornwall, second son of King John. She was daughter of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, and Isabel de Clam [10:iv, above].

He inherited the Clam estates from his father, those of Gloucester from his mother, the honor of St. Hilary from his grandmother, and a moiety of the Giffard estates through his ancestress Rohese. In June 1202 he was entrusted with Harfleur and Mostreviliiers, and in 1211 he held six and one-half knight's fees in Kent of his mother.

He was a Magna Charta surety in 1215; as a consequence he was excommunicated by Pope Innocent III in Dec. 1216. He fought on the side of Prince Louis of France at the battle of Lincoln, 19 May 1217, and was taken prisoner by William Marshall, whose daughter he later married. In Nov. 1217 he was recognized as Earl of Gloucester in right of his maternal descent. From July 1222 he attested royal grants frequently, and he joined the Earl Marshall, his brother-in-law, in an expedition to Wales in 1223. He was present in 1225 when King Henry III confirmed the Great Charter. In July 1227 he supported Richard, Earl of Cornwall, in his dispute with the King over the forest laws and misgovern­ment by Hubert de Burgh. In 1228 he led an army against the Welsh and captured Morgan Gain, who was released the next year.

Children, listed by Cokayne [3:244], Clark, Weis and Altschul [31-32]:
i.    Richard, b. 4 August 1222; d. 15 july 1262, bur. Tewksbury; in. Maud de Lacy.
ii.   Amicia, b. 1220; d. 1283; in. (1) Baldwin de Reviers, who d. 1245, in. (2) Robert de Guines, the uncle of Arnold III, comte de Guines [Altschul, 32-33].
iii.  Isabel, b. 1226; m. 1240 Robert Bruce, Lord of Annandale [Weis, AR7, 252:28], who d. Lochmaben Castle 31 March 1295, having in. (2) Christian d'Irby, widow of Sir Thomas de Lascelles and Sir Adam de Gesemuth [MCS5, 41:3]; Isabel was grandmother of Robert the Bruce, the Scottish hero of Bannockburn.
iv.  William [Ceo. T. Clark, 112], b. 1228; d. 23 July 1258 of poison; unm. [Altschul, 31].
v.   Gilbert, b. 1229; a churchman.

Isabel MARSHALL [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4 was born on 9 Oct 1200 in Pembroke Castle, Wales, United Kingdom. She was christened in Apr 1206 in St David's, Pembrokeshire, Wales, United Kingdom. She died 5, 6, 7 on 17 Jan 1239/1240 in Berkhamsted Castle, Herts, England, United Kingdom. She was buried in Beaulieu, Southampton, England, United Kingdom. Isabel married 8, 9, 10 Gilbert CLARE 5th Earl of Gloucester, Magna Carta Surety 11, 12, 13, 14 on 9 Oct 1217 in Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucester, England, United Kingdom.

Countess de Clare and Countess of Cornwall

Isabel Marshal was born at Pembroke Castle daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare. She was one of eleven children, and the granddaughter of John FitzGilbert and Sybil de Salisbury, Richard de Clare Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster.

On the 9th of October of her 17th birthday, Isabel married Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford and 1st Earl of Gloucester, who was 20 years older than her, at Tewkesbury Abbey. Despite the age difference the marriage was a very happy one, and the couple had six children:
* Agnes de Clare born 1218
* Amice de Clare 1220–1287, wife of 6th Earl of Devon Baldwin de Reviers & Robert de Guines
* Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford 1222–1262
* Isabel de Clare 1226-1264, wife of Robert the 5th Lord of Annandale; she would be the great grandmother of Robert the Bruce
* William de Clare 1228–1258
* Gilbert de Clare born 1229, a priest

Isabel's husband Gilbert joined in an expedition to Brittany in 1229, but died 25 October 1230 on his way back to Penrose, in that duchy. His body was returned home where he was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey. 

As a young widow, only 30 years old, the mother of three daughters and three sons, she had proven her ability to bear healthy children, and this was probably the reasons for the proposal of marriage from Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, and Isabel's acceptance of it, despite the fact that her husband had just died only five months earlier. They were married at Fawley Church on 30 March 1231. They were the parents of four children, three of whom died in the cradle: 
* John of Cornwall 1232-1233
* Isabella of Cornwall 1233-1234)
* Henry of Almain 1235-1271, murdered by his cousins Guy and Simon de Montfort
* Nicholas of Cornwall born 17 January 1240, died hours after birth, buried at Beaulieu Abbey with his mother

Isabel died of liver failure, contracted while in childbirth, on 17 January 1240, at Berkhamsted Castle. She was 39 years old. As Isabel was dying she asked to be buried next to her first husband at Tewkesbury Abbey, but Richard had her interred at Beaulieu Abbey, with her infant son, instead. As a pious gesture, he sent her heart, in a silver-gilt casket, to Tewkesbury Abbey.

They had the following children.

  F i
Maud de CLARE 1 was born about 1210 in of, Pembroke, Pembroke, Wales, United Kingdom.
  F ii
Joan de CLARE 1 was born about 1210 in of, Pembroke, Pembroke, Wales, United Kingdom.
  F iii
Susan de CLARE 1 was born in 1217 in of, Kilkenny, , Ireland, United Kingdom.
  F iv
Amica de CLARE 1 was born on 27 May 1220 in Usk, Mommouthshire, Wales, United Kingdom. She died in BET 30 NOV 1284 AND 1287.
  M v Richard de CLARE Earl of Gloucester and Hertford was born on 4 Aug 1222. He died on 15 Jul 1262.
  F vi
Isabel de CLARE 1 was born on 8 Nov 1226 in of, , Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom. She died after 10 Jul 1264.
  M vii
William de CLARE 1 was born on 18 May 1228 in Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom. He died in Retherford. He was buried on 23 Jul 1258 in Dureford Abbey, Sussex, England, United Kingdom.
  F viii
Adeliza de CLARE 1 was born about 1228 in Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom.
  M ix
Gilbert de CLARE 1 was born on 12 Sep 1229 in Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom. He died after 1241.
  F x
Agnes de CLARE 1 was born in 1229 in Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom.

Sir Wiliiam MARSHALL 1st Earl of Pembroke and Knight Templar [Parents] [scrapbook] 1 was born 2 in 1146. He died 3, 4 on 14 May 1219 in Caversham, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom. He was buried in London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom. Wiliiam married 5, 6 Isabel de CLARE 4th Countess of Pembroke 7 in Aug 1189 in London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom.

Sir WILLIAM MARSHAL, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, born probably in 1146, died in Caversham 14 May 1219, and was buried in the Temple Church, London. He married in London, in August 1189, ISABEL DE CLARE, Countess of Strigoil or Pembroke, who died in 1220 and was buried in Tintern Abbey.

Given as a hostage to King Stephen by his father in 1152, he was spared by the king in spite of his father's bad faith. He was sent then, by his father, to William de Tancarville, hereditary Master Chamberlain of Normandy, with whom he remained for eight years as a squire. In 1167 he returned to England to his uncle, Patrick, Earl of Salisbury, who was ambushed and slain at Poitou in 1168, while William was wounded and captured. Eventually ransomed by Queen Eleanor, he returned to England and was chosen by King Henry II to be a member of the Young Henry's household. Knighted by de Tancarville at Drincourtin 1173, he supported the “Young King” Henry is his rebellion against his father Henry II. Young Henry chose William to knight him, and on his deathbed, 11 June 1183, charged him to carry his cross to the Holy Sepulchre in Palestine. When William returned to England about 1187 King Henry II made him a member of his household. William served Henry II in France in 1188 and 1189, and checked the King's rebel son's pursuit by killing Richard's horse with his spear during the retreat to Fresnay-sur-Sarthe. He was at Henry's deathbed in Chinon and escorted the body to Fontevrault.

However, in 1189 King Richard gave him Isabel de Clare in marriage and he was given a number of posts for his service. At Richard's Coronation on 3 Sept. 1189 he bore the gold sceptre with the cross; shortly afterwards he was appointed a justiciar subordinate to Longchamp. Before Sept. 1190 he had a fine for 2,000 marks for a moiety of the lands of Walter Giffard, and when the Archbishop of Rouen succeeded Longchamp in Oct. 1191, William became his chief assistant. In 1193, when John revolted against Richard, William besieged and took Windsor Castle. From 1194 to 1199 he was mostly in Normandy for Richard, and one of King Richard I's last acts was to appoint him custodian of Rouen. Nonetheless, when Richard died William supported John, obtaining the support of the magnates at a meeting in Northampton. He was present at the Coronation on 27 May 1199, the day King John made him Earl of Pembroke.

On 20 April 1200 he was confirmed as Marshal. He served actively in Gascony, England and Normandy, and in 1204 he invaded Wales and captured Kilgerran. In June 1205 he joined the Archbishop of Canterbury in forcing King John to abandon a projected expedition to Poitou. From 1207 to 1211 he spent most of his time in Ireland, but in April 1213 the desperate king recalled him and on 15 May 1213 he witnessed John's resignation to the Pope. He was in command in England during John's absence in Poitou in 1214; in 1215 he was a representative of the King at Runnymede, and in 1216 he was an executor of John's will. A man of superior ability and exemplary character, he was chosen unanimously as Regent for Henry III at Bristol on 11 Nov. 1216, and on 20 May 1217 he routed the rebel barons and the French at Lincoln. Some months later he besieged London, and on 11 Sept., following Hubert de Burgh's naval victory off Dover on 24 Aug., William concluded the Treaty of Lambeth with Prince Louis of France. In 1218, as Regent, he granted himself yearly fairs and weekly markets. From his death bed in May 1219 he committed the young king to the care of the Papal Legate. He was a benefactor to many religious institutions. He was described as tall and well built, with finely shaped limbs, a handsome face and brown hair, a model of chivalry in his younger days, and of unswerving loyalty in his maturity and old age [CP, 10:364a].

Children, mentioned by Weis and Cokayne, of five sons (all of whom died without issue, which the superstitious attributed to a curse by the Bishop of Ferns, who had had two manors appropriated by the Marshal) and five daughters, listed in the order given by Cokayne [CP, 10:364a]:
i.    William, Earl of Pembroke, Magna Charta surety, b. Normandy c. 1190; d. 6 April 1231, bur. Temple Church, London; m. (1) 1214 Alice de Bethune, who d. c. 1216, bur. St. Paul's Cathedral, London, m. (2) 23 April 1224 Eleanor (daughter of King John), who m. (2) Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester.
ii.   Richard, Earl of Pembroke, d. Kilkenny Castle 16 April 1234; in. 1222 Gervaise de Dinan, widow of Juhel de Mayenne; she m. (3) Geoffrey, vicomte de Rohan, and she was living in 1236.
iii.  Gilbert, Earl of Pembroke, mortally injured at a tournament near Hertford in June 1241, d. Hertford Priory 27 June 1241, his entrails bur, there while his body was bur. in the new Temple Church, London; while alleged to have m. (1) Maud de Lanvalei, this was a clerical error, he m. Berwick, 1 Aug. 1235, Margaret of Scotland (who d. 17 Nov. 1244, bur. Church of the Preaching Friars), dau. of William the Lion, King of Scotland (for whom see Huntingdon); no legitimate issue.
iv.  Walter, Earl of Pembroke, b. after 1198; d. Goodrich Castle 24 Nov. 1245; m. 6 Jan. 1241/2 Margaret de Quincy (who survived him and was bur. Tintern Abbey), widow of Jolun de Lacy; she m. (3) Richard de Wiltshire; Walter had no issue.
v.   Anselin, Earl of Pembroke, d. (before investiture) Chepstow 22-24 Dec. 1245, bur. Tintern Abbey; m. Mnud de Bohun (dau. of Humphrey de Bohun), who m. (2) Roger de Quincy as his second wife; no issue.
vi.  Maud, d. 27 March 1248; m. (1) Hugh Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, who d. Feb. 1224/5, m. (2) before 13 Oct. 1325 William Plantagenet de Warenne, who d. 1240.
vii. Isabel,d. Berkhampstead 17Jan. 1239/40; m. (1) 9 Oct. 1217 Sir Gilbert de Clare, Magna Charta surety, m. (2) 30 March 1231 Richard, Earl of Cornwall.
viii. Sybil, m. (1) Sir Gilbert Basset, m. (2) before 14 May 1219, William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby, who m. (2) c. 1238 Margaret.
ix. Eve (or Eva), d. before 1246; m. William de Braiose, Lord of Aber­gavenny, who was hanged 2 May 1430.
x.  Joan, d. before Nov. 1234; m. after 14 May 1219 Warin de Munchensi, Lord of Swanscomb [Cokayne's CP, 9:421, cited in Weis, MCS5, 148:2].

Fulfilling the vow he had made while on crusade, he was inducted into the order of the Knights Templar on his deathbed. He died at Caversham, and was buried in the Temple Church in London. At his funeral, the Archbishop of Canterbury described him as the "greatest knight that ever lived." His history was first recorded in L’Histoire de Guillaume le Marechal , ‘The History of William Marshal’, commissioned by his eldest son in 1226. It is believed to be the first medieval biography of a non-royal.

The following is from the website of The Temple Church, London(
We have been closely linked to Magna Carta and its legacy ever since 1214.
The Temple was King John’s London headquarters, 1214-5. From here he issued two vital preliminary charters, and here in January 1215 the barons confronted him for the first time with the demand that he subject himself to the rule of a charter.
The hero of Magna Carta was William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke. He mediated between John and the barons, secured the agreement embodied in Magna Carta and was one of the King’s advisors at Runnymede. When John died the Marshal became guardian of the boy-king Henry III and of the kingdom. He re-issued Magna Carta under his own seal in 1216 and 1217, and so ensured its survival. He was buried in the Temple’s Round Church, where his effigy still lies.
William’s heir, William Marshal the second Earl, was one of the Surety Barons at Runnymede. He then fought alongside his father at the Battle of Lincoln to save the kingdom for Henry III. He married Henry’s sister. He too was buried in the Round, next to his father, where his effigy still lies.
The Temple’s Chancel was built, 1135-40, to be the funerary chapel of Henry III and his queen. With Henry’s re-issue of Magna Carta in 1225 the Charter was secure.
The Temple’s Common Law lawyers led the resistance in the 17th century against the Stuart kings’ absolutism. The lawyers – such as Coke and Selden – repeatedly invoked Magna Carta.
In the same decades the Temple’s lawyers were drawing up the constitutions for the early American colonies. Links with the USA have been strong ever since. Five members of Inner / Middle Temple signed the Declaration of Independence, seven the Constitution. The American Ambassador to London and US Chief Justice Roberts are both Benchers of Middle Temple.
The Temple has since 1608 been the collegiate Church of the legal colleges Inner and Middle Temple, and stands at the heart of this unforgettably beautiful and historic part of London.
With best wishes from the Temple Church
Robin Griffith-Jones, DLitt,
The Reverend and Valiant Master of the Temple

DEATH: Buried in the Temple Church, London.

Isabel de CLARE 4th Countess of Pembroke [Parents] 1 was born about 1174. She died 2 in 1220. Isabel married 3, 4 Sir Wiliiam MARSHALL 1st Earl of Pembroke and Knight Templar 5 in Aug 1189 in London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom.

otherwise Countess of Pembroke. The Complete Peerage vol.X,pp.358-364.

DEATH: Buried in Tintern Abbey.

They had the following children.

  F i Isabel MARSHALL was born on 9 Oct 1200. She died on 17 Jan 1239/1240.
  F ii Maud MARSHALL was born about 1192. She died on 27 Mar 1248.
  M iii
Anselm De MARSHALL died in 1245.

Anselm Marshal was the sixth Earl of Pembroke (of the second creation) and Earl Marshal of England, the youngest and last of the five sons of William Marshal to hold that post. He succeeded his brother Walter on 24 November 1245 and lived for a month, dying at Chepstow Castle and being buried in Tintern Abbey.

When William Marshal was composing his will in 1219, he originally intended to allot nothing to his youngest son, Anselm, who was named after William's younger brother. It has been suspected that he wished for the young Anselm to rise from low rank to high on his own merits as William himself had done as a young knight errant. His advisors, however, convinced the ailing Marshal to grant Anselm a small piece of land.

Anselm was married to Maud, the daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex. They had no children and Anselm's estates were divided between his four surviving sisters, Isabella, Sibyl, Eva, and Joan, and their husbands. The earldom of Pembroke lay vacant until 1247, when it was recreated for William de Valence, husband of Joan de Munchensi, heiress of Anselm's sister Joan and her husband Warin de Munchensi.
  M iv
Willliam MARSHALL 2nd Earl of Pembroke, Templar, Magna Carta Surety [scrapbook].

Magna Carta Surety.
  F v Sibilla MARSHALL was born about 1204. She died before 1238.
  M vi
Gibert MARSHALL Templar.

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