Ancestors of Tim Farr and Descendants of Stephen Farr Sr. of Concord, Massachusetts and Lidlington, Bedfordshire, England

Alpin of Kintyre, King of SCOTLAND 1, 2-5380 was born about 778 in Scotland, United Kingdom. He died on 20 Jul 834 in Galloway, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland, United Kingdom.

Killed fighting the Picts. King of Kintyre.

ACCEDED: Beheaded

He had the following children.

  M i MacAlpin, Kenneth I, King of SCOTLAND-5379 was born in 810. He died in 859.

Ethelred II "The Unready" King of ENGLAND [Parents] [scrapbook] 1, 2-5396 was born 3 in 968 in of Wessex, England, United Kingdom. He died 4 on 23 Apr 1016 in London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom. He was buried 5 on 23 Apr 1016 in St. Paul's Cathedral, , England, United Kingdom. Ethelred married (MRIN:2442) Alfgifu (Aelflaed) Queen of ENGLAND-5397.

ETHELRED II 'THE UNREADY' (r. 979-1013 and 1014-1016)

Ethelred, the younger son of Edgar, became king at the age of seven following the murder of his half-brother Edward II in 978 at Corfe Castle, Dorset, by Edward's own supporters.

For the rest of Ethelred's rule (reigned 978-1016), his brother became a posthumous rallying point for political unrest; a hostile Church transformed Edward into a royal martyr. Known as the Un-raed or 'Unready' (meaning 'no counsel', or that he was unwise), Ethelred failed to win or retain the allegiance of many of his subjects. In 1002, he ordered the massacre of all Danes in England to eliminate potential treachery.

Not being an able soldier, Ethelred defended the country against increasingly rapacious Viking raids from the 980s onwards by diplomatic alliance with the duke of Normandy in 991 (he later married the duke's daughter Emma) and by buying off renewed attacks by the Danes with money levied through a tax called the Danegeld. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 1006 was dismissive: 'in spite of it all, the Danish army went about as it pleased'. By 1012, 48,000 pounds of silver was being paid in Danegeld to Danes camped in London.

In 1013, Ethelred fled to Normandy when the powerful Viking Sweyn of Denmark dispossessed him. Ethelred returned to rule after Sweyn's death in 1014, but died himself in 1016.

Alfgifu (Aelflaed) Queen of ENGLAND 1-5397. Alfgifu married (MRIN:2442) Ethelred II "The Unready" King of ENGLAND-5396.

They had the following children.

  M i Edmund II "Ironsides" King of ENGLAND-5381 was born in 989. He died on 30 Nov 1016.
  F ii Elfgifu Princess of ENGLAND-5395 was born about 997.

Edmund II "Ironsides" King of ENGLAND [Parents] 1-5381 was born 2 in 989 in Wessex, England, United Kingdom. He died 3, 4 on 30 Nov 1016 in London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom. He was buried in Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset, England, United Kingdom. Edmund married (MRIN:2443) Elfgifu (Ealgyth) of MERCIA-5382.

EDMUND II IRONSIDE (r. Apr - Nov 1016)

Edmund Ironside was the son of Ethelred 'The Unready' and his first wife, Elfgifu. He made himself ruler in the Danelaw, independent of his father. Canute later defeated him at Ashingdon in Essex, striking a treaty of peace which allowed Edmund to rule in Wessex and Canute to take the rest. Edmund died in 1016.

DEATH: Murdered by Edric Streon, Earl of Mercia, husband of Edgyth, daughter of Ethelred II the Unready

Elfgifu (Ealgyth) of MERCIA 1, 2-5382 was born about 994 in London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom. Elfgifu married (MRIN:2443) Edmund II "Ironsides" King of ENGLAND-5381.

They had the following children.

  M i Edward "the Exile" ATHELING-5383 was born in 1016. He died in 1057.

Phillip I de FRANCE [Parents] 1, 2, 3-5386 was born 4, 5 in 1053 in Reims, Champagne, France. He died 6, 7 on 29 Jul 1108 in Melun, Île-de-France, France. Phillip married 8, 9 (MRIN:2444) Bertha Countess of HOLLAND-5387 in 1071.

Bertha Countess of HOLLAND 1, 2, 3, 4-5387 was born about 1054 in Vlaardingen, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. She died 5 in 1094 in Montreuil-Sur-Loire, France. Bertha married 6, 7 (MRIN:2444) Phillip I de FRANCE-5386 in 1071.

They had the following children.

  M i Louis VI "the Fat" King of FRANCE-5388 was born in 1081. He died on 1 Aug 1137.

Louis VI "the Fat" King of FRANCE [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4-5388 was born 5 in 1081 in France. He died 6 on 1 Aug 1137 in Chateau Bethizy, Paris, France. Louis married 7 (MRIN:2445) Adelaide (Alix) Countess de SAVOY-5389 about 1115 in Paris, Seine, France.

Adelaide (Alix) Countess de SAVOY 1, 2, 3-5389 was born 4 in 1092. She died 5 on 1 Aug 1154. Adelaide married 6 (MRIN:2445) Louis VI "the Fat" King of FRANCE-5388 about 1115 in Paris, Seine, France.

They had the following children.

  M i Peter de FRANCE Lord of Courtenay-5390 was born about 1125. He died on 10 Apr 1183.

Leofric III Earl of MERCIA [Parents] [scrapbook] 1-5393 was born on 14 May 968 in Mercia, England, United Kingdom. He died 2 on 31 Aug 1057. Leofric married 3 (MRIN:2446) "Lady" Godiva Countess of MERCIA-5394 in BY 1030.

Earl Leofric and Lady Godiva of Mercia in the mid-11th. century. They ruled from Kings Bromley, wisely and well, and put their Earldom on a par with that of Wessex under Earl Godwin. Earl Leofric's good counsel to King Canute and to his two Sons Harold Harefoot and Hardicanute helped avert civil-war during the two sons' joint rule. The Earl and Countess organised the building of many religious-houses. They founded Coventry Abbey, and endowed Wenlock Priory, Leominster and Worcester Churches, Evesham Abbey and St. Werburgh of Chester (that Etheired and Elthelfleda had endowed over a hundred years earlier).

LEOFRIC (d. 1057), earl of Mercia, was a son of Leofwine, earl of Mercia, and became earl at some date previous to 1032. Henceforth, being one of the three great earls of the realm, he took a leading part in public affairs. On the death of King Canute in 1035 he supported the claim of his son Harold to the throne against that of Hardicanute; and during the quarrel between Edward the Confessor and Earl Godwine in 1051 he played the part of a mediator. Through his efforts civil war was averted, and in accordance with his advice the settlement of the dispute was referred to the Witan. When he became earl of Mercia his direct rule seems to have been confined to Cheshire, Staffordshire, Shropshire and the borders of north Wales, but afterwards he extended the area of his earldom. As Chester was his principal resictence and the seat of his government, he is sometimes calied earl of Chester. Leofric died at Bromley in Staffordshire on the 31st of August 1057. His wife was Godgifu, famous in legend as Lady Godiva. Both husband and wife were noted as liberal benefactors to the church, among their foundations being the famous Benedictine monastery at Coventry. Leofiic's son, Alfgar, succeeded him as earl of Mercia.

"Lady" Godiva Countess of MERCIA [scrapbook] 1-5394 was born 2 about 1010 in Mersea Island, Essex, England, United Kingdom. She died about 1080. "Lady" married 3 (MRIN:2446) Leofric III Earl of MERCIA-5393 in BY 1030.

The Name Godiva is the Latinised form of the Old English name Godgyfu. She did exist though it is not known when or where she was born nor who her parents were exactly. I have read that she was the daughter of the Sheriff of Lincoln. Dubious, though there are certainly close ties with Lincoln. See the section on St Mary's stow. In her book, Ride, Octavia  Randolph  sets Godiva in Newark, just 20 miles from Lincoln, as she maintains that Godiva had large estates in Newark.

It is undoubted that Godiva married Leofric, Earl of Mercia. It is said that she was much younger than Leofric. She was supposed to be around 16 when married to Leofric who was said to be in his 60's by some! Yet in contradiction of this supposed fact she died only 10 years after her husband when she was an old woman! These two supposed facts are mutually exclusive - but so much about Godiva is ambiguous in this way. What is know about Godiva is derived from references to her in charters, contemporary and much later chronicles some of which are forgeries!

It is thought that Godiva had considerable properties before she was married, inherited from her family -  like wealthy women of her time. Perhaps the area around Coventry (Cofa's tree) was one such parcel of land in her portfolio of properties. The Domesday book lists the Coventry of  her time as having just 69 families. A relatively small place and not very indicative of there being much of a "town" through which to ride. More a hamlet of, not necessarily grouped, dwellings.

The following piece from 1572 was written by one Richard Grafton who was member of Parliament for Coventry.

But Gaufride sayth that this gentle and good Lady did not onely for the freeing of the said Citie and satisfying of her husbands pleasure, graunt vnto her sayde Husband to ryde as aforesayde: But also called in secret manner (by such as she put speciall trust in) all those that then were Magistrates and rulers of the said Citie of Couentrie, and vttered vnto them what good will she bare vnto the sayde Citie, and how shee had moued the Erle her husband to make the same free, the which vpon such condition as is afore mencioned, the sayde Erle graunted vnto her, which the sayde Lady was well contented to doe, requiring of them for the reuerence of womanhed, that at that day and tyme that she should ride (which was made certaine vnto them) that streight commaundement should be geuen throughout all the City, that euerie person should shut in their houses and Wyndowes, and none so hardy to looke out into the streetes, nor remayne in the stretes, vpon a very great paine, so that when the tyme came of her out ryding none sawe her, but her husbande and such as were present with him, and she and her Gentlewoman to wayte vpon her galoped through the Towne, where the people might here the treading of their Horsse, but they saw her not, and so she returned to her Husbande from the place from whence she came, her honestie saued, her purpose obteyned, her wisdome much commended, and her husbands imagination vtterly disappointed. And shortly after her returne, when shee had arayed and apparelled her selfe in most comely and seemly manner, then shee shewed her selfe openly to the peuple of the Citie of Couentrie, to the great joy and maruellous reioysing of all the Citizens and inhabitants of the same, who by her had receyued so great a benefite.

They had the following children.

  M i Alfgar III Earl of MERCIA-5392 was born about 1002. He died in 1059.

Alfgar III Earl of MERCIA [Parents] 1, 2-5392 was born about 1002 in of, Mercia, England, United Kingdom. He died in 1059 in of, Mercia, England, United Kingdom. He was buried in Coventry, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom. Alfgar married (MRIN:2447) Elfgifu Princess of ENGLAND-5395.

Algar died seven years before the conquest, and his sans Edwin and Morcar, (Earls of Mercia and Northumberland), . .took up arms on behalf of their enslaved countrymen in the year 1071, and Edwin being betrayed into the hands of the Normans, met an untimely fate; when his estates were, of course confiscated and most of those in Staffordshire remained in the King's hands at the Domesday survey. The devastating vengeance which William inflicted on the English revolters, may probably account for the immense tract of waste lands in Staffordshire, mentioned in Domesday, where about thirty lordships are specified in succession, including Biddulph, Endon, Bucknall, Shelton Cheadle and its vicinity; to which list is added the ……observation “All this land of the King is waste!”

Elfgifu Princess of ENGLAND [Parents] 1, 2, 3-5395 was born about 997 in Wessex, England, United Kingdom. Elfgifu married (MRIN:2447) Alfgar III Earl of MERCIA-5392.

They had the following children.

  F i Lucia of MERCIA-5399 was born about 1040.
  M ii
Edwin Earl of MERCIA-5402 was born about 1028 in of, , Mersea, England, United Kingdom. He died after 1070 in England, United Kingdom.
  M iii
Morcar Earl of NORTHUMBRIA-5403 was born about 1030 in of, , Mersea, England, United Kingdom. He died after 1070 in England, United Kingdom.
  M iv
Burhheard, of MERCIA-5398 was born about 1030 in of Mercia, England, United Kingdom.
  F v
Ealdgyth Queen of ENGLAND-5400 was born about 1034 in of, , Mersea, England, United Kingdom. She died after 1086.
  F vi
Leverunia-5401 was born about 1034 in of, Mercia, England, United Kingdom.

Leofwine de MERCIA Earl of Mercia 1-5667 died 2 in BY 1032.

He had the following children.

  M i Leofric III Earl of MERCIA-5393 was born on 14 May 968. He died on 31 Aug 1057.

Ivo de TAILLEBOIS-5405. Ivo married (MRIN:2449) Lucia of MERCIA-5399.

Lucia of MERCIA [Parents] 1-5399 was born about 1040 in Mercia, England, United Kingdom. She died in England, United Kingdom. She was buried in Spalding, Lincoln, England, United Kingdom. Lucia married (MRIN:2449) Ivo de TAILLEBOIS-5405.

Other marriages:

Vulgrin ll Count of Angouleme TAILLEFER [Parents]-5408 was born in 1108 in Angouleme, Charente, France. He died on 16 Nov 1140. Vulgrin married (MRIN:2450) Ponce SIRE-5409.

Ponce SIRE-5409. Ponce married (MRIN:2450) Vulgrin ll Count of Angouleme TAILLEFER-5408.

They had the following children.

  M i Guillaume lV TAILLEFER Count of Angouleme-5406 was born in 1134. He died on 7 Aug 1187.

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