Was a Lieut.
edu. Signed his will. Inventory included 1 Bible and 7 other books worth 12s rel. Plymouth church; admitted Freeman 1 Jan 1632/3 [PCR 1:4, 5] res. 1629 to NE, Plymouth; Marshfield by 1643
His brother Edward was Govenor of Massachusetts and a Mayflower passenger.
The Great Migration Begins, Robert Charles Anderson, pp. 2033-36
ORIGIN: Droitwich, Worcestershire
FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth
REMOVES: Marshfield by 1643
OCCUPATION: Joiner. On 6 January 1633/4 "Sam[uel] Jenny, the son of John Jenny, hath bound himself apprentice to Kanelm Winslow, of Plymouth, joiner" [PCR 1:24].
FREEMAN: Admitted 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:4, 5]. In list of Plymouth Colony freemen of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of 1639 Plymouth Colony list of freemen [PCR 8:173], then erased and entered in Marshfield section of same list [PCR 8:177, 195]. In Marshfield section of 1658 and 29 May 1670 lists of Plymouth Colony freemen [PCR 5:277, 8:201].
EDUCATION: He signed his will. His inventory included "1 Bible and 7 other books" valued at 12s.
OFFICES: Plymouth Colony assessor, 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:26]. Deputy for Marshfield to Plymouth General Court, 7 June 1642, 27 September 1642, 29 August 1643, 10 October 1643, 5 June 1644, 20 August 1644, 6 June 1649, 4 June 1650, 5 June 1651, 7 June 1652, 7 June 1653 [PCR 2:40, 46, 60, 63, 72, 75, 144, 154, 168, PCR 3:9, 32]. Committee on laborers' wages, 5 January 1635/6 [PCR 2:36]. Coroner's jury, 3 May 1653, 14 February 1654/5 [PCR 3:28, 70]. Grand jury, 7 March 1636/7, 5 June 1638, 6 June 1654 [PCR 1:54, 87, 3:49]. Committee on provisions for the governor, 3 June 1657 [PCR 3:120]. Petit jury, 7 June 1636, 4 October 1636 [PCR 1:42, 44]. Plymouth member of colony committee on highways, 5 March 1638/9 [PCR 1:117].
On 1 December 1640 "Kenelme Winslow, being elected surveyor of the highways for the town of Plymouth, and neglecting the same, is fined 10s." [PCR 2:4]. Marshfield constable, 1 June 1647 [PCR 2:115].
In Marshfield section of 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms [PCR 8:196].
ESTATE: Assessed 12s. in Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633, and 18s. in list of 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:11, 28].
On 8 January 1632/3 "Francis Eaton acknowledgeth that he hath sold to Kanelm & Josias Wynslow the now dwelling house of the said Francis" [PCR 1:8]. Granted mowing ground, 14 March 1635/6, 20 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:40, 55]. Granted "threescore acres of land lying upon the south side of the Eele River, above the great swamp.... This grant was made void upon a grant made to him at Green's Harbor," 6 January 1636/7 [PCR 1:47]. On 5 February 1637/8 "Kenelme Winslow requesteth a grant of lands at Green's Harbor" [PCR 1:76], and on 5 March 1637/8 he received, in partnership with Love Brewster, "all that parcel of land remaining of that neck of land lying on the east side of the lands lately granted to Josias Winslow, at Greene's Harbor" [PCR 1:78, 111].
On 26 October 1647 "Mr. Hatherley here in Court acknowledgeth that Helene, the wife of Kanelme Winslow, acknowledgeth her free assent and consent to the sale of all such lands as her husband had sold unto Samuell Sturdevant. Captain Miles Standish" deposed the same regarding her consent to sales to Henry Sampson [PCR 2:118-19].
Granted one hundred acres at Teticutt, 4 March 1673/4 (pursuant to an order of June 1662) [PCR 5:141].
In his will, dated 8 August 1672 and proved 5 June 1673, "Kanelme Winslow Senior" ordered that "what estate I have formerly settled on my eldest son Kanelme ... shall remain unaltered" and bequeathed to "my son Nathaniel ... the half of my farm that I last lived upon ... as I gave him by a former deed of gift"; "and the other half of the farm to my wife, for the term of her natural life" and "after the decease of my wife Ellinor Winslow the said half of the farm shall return unto my son Nathaniel"; to "my son Job ... half of my land at Namassakett which is about fifty acres ... and the other fifty acres or thereabouts unto Kanelme Baker my grandchild"; to "my daughter Ellinor" £5; "my wife shall at her decease give unto Mary Addams an equal portion of the goods and moveables as to the rest of my grandchildren"; wife to be sole executrix and "Major Josias Winslow and my son Kanelme Winslow" to be overseers [MD 24:41-42, citing PCPR 3:1:56].
The inventory of the estate of Kenelm Winslow, taken 25 September 1672, totalled £87 15s. 4d.; the real estate, unvalued, followed: "one half of the dwelling house and housings and meadow lands and uplands belonging to the said farm he had lived on and now died possessed of in the town of Marshfield"; "one half of all the lands granted him by the Court with the ancient freemen which lieth on the west side of Taunton River either divided or to be divided hereafter"; and "one half of the portion of land granted by the court to him and his brother Josias Winslow upon the account of their brother Gilbert Winslow as he was a first comer" [MD 24:42, citing PCPR 3:1:57].
BIRTH: Baptized Droitwich, Worcestershire, 3 May 1599, son of Edward and Magdalen (Oliver) Winslow [NEHGR 4:297, 21:210].
DEATH: Buried at Salem 13 September 1672 [MarVR 427].
MARRIAGE: Plymouth in June 1634 "Elen Adames" [PCR 1:30]; she was ELLEN NEWTON, widow of JOHN ADAMS [TAG 55:212-13]; she was buried at Marshfield 5 December 1681, aged 83 [MD 2:250; MarVR 13].
COMMENTS: Although Kenelm Winslow first appears of record in Plymouth in the tax list of 25 March 1633, and was therefore certainly in New England by 1632, he is paired in the early years with his brother Josiah Winslow, who is known to have arrived in 1631, and so we assume that Kenelm came at the same time.
On 4 June 1645 "Kenelme Winslow complained that he had injustice, in that he could not be heard in the suit betwixt John Mynard and himself"; after investigation by the court, he "was committed to prison and fined £10," whereupon he reversed himself and was released from prison and the fine was eventually remitted [PCR 2:85].
On 5 May 1645/6 "upon hearing of the cause betwixt Roger Chaundler and Kenelme Winslow, for his daughter's clothes, which the said Kenelme detaineth, upon pretense of some further service which he required of her, whereunto the said Roger utterly refused to consent, it is ordered by the Court, that the said Kenelme Winslow shall deliver the maid her clothes without any further delay" [PCR 2:98].
On the same day "Kenelme Winslow, for opprobrious words against the church of Marshfeild, saying they were all liars, &c., was ordered by the Court to find sureties for his good behavior, which he refusing to do, was committed to prison, where he remained until the General Court following" [PCR 2:98].
Despite this bad year, Kenelm Winslow continued to hold important town and colony offices for another decade. His last year as deputy was 1653, and he virtually disappears from public view at that time, although he lived for another two decades. This was about the time that his two elder and more prominent brothers, Edward and John, left Plymouth Colony; perhaps Kenelm owed his limited success to the presence of these brothers, and once they were gone his own abilities were not sufficient to maintain himself at this level.